Password Encryption Using Salt Hashing In ASP.NET MVC

This is a simple user registration page where we will be saving user password using Salted hashing and decrypt it on login.

Introduction
 
In cryptography, salt is randomly generated for each password. In a typical setting, the salt and the password are concatenated and processed with a cryptographic hash function, and the resulting output (but not the original password) is stored with the salt in a database. Hashing allows for later authentication while protecting the plain text password in the event that the authentication data store is compromised.
 
What’s the agenda
 
Here I will be showing simple registration form where the password will be stored in database using encrypted format and while login it will decrypt the password and allow the user to login.

Also in this encryption I will be generating random salt the same password will be different while storing in database using this encryption. Here I have used Entity Framework code-first approach and also ASP.NET MVC 4.
 
Step 1: Creating database using code first approach.
 
Create new MVC empty project and also add another project with class library under Visual C#.

In this process I have created a class user with the following fields.
  1. public class User  
  2. {  
  3.     [Key]  
  4.     public int RegistrationId  
  5.     {  
  6.         get;  
  7.         set;  
  8.     } //This will be primary key column with auto increment  
  9.     public string FirstName  
  10.     {  
  11.         get;  
  12.         set;  
  13.     }  
  14.     public string LastName  
  15.     {  
  16.         get;  
  17.         set;  
  18.     }  
  19.     public string UserName  
  20.     {  
  21.         get;  
  22.         set;  
  23.     }  
  24.     public string EmailId  
  25.     {  
  26.         get;  
  27.         set;  
  28.     }  
  29.     public string Password  
  30.     {  
  31.         get;  
  32.         set;  
  33.     }  
  34.     public string Gender  
  35.     {  
  36.         get;  
  37.         set;  
  38.     }  
  39.     public string VCode  
  40.     {  
  41.         get;  
  42.         set;  
  43.     }  
  44.     public DateTime CreateDate  
  45.     {  
  46.         get;  
  47.         set;  
  48.     }  
  49.     public DateTime ModifyDate  
  50.     {  
  51.         get;  
  52.         set;  
  53.     }  
  54.     public bool Status  
  55.     {  
  56.         get;  
  57.         set;  
  58.     }  
  59. }  
Create a class context as follows. Before creating this class install Entity Framework from NuGet Packages.
  1. public class CmsDbContext : DbContext  
  2. {  
  3.     public DbSet<User> ObjRegisterUser { getset; } // Here User is the class

 Step 2: Creating Helper class.

I have used Helper class instead of adding methods in the controllers.
  1. public static class Helper  
  2. {  
  3.     public static string ToAbsoluteUrl(this string relativeUrl) //Use absolute URL instead of adding phycal path for CSS, JS and Images     
  4.     {  
  5.         if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(relativeUrl)) return relativeUrl;  
  6.         if (HttpContext.Current == nullreturn relativeUrl;  
  7.         if (relativeUrl.StartsWith("/")) relativeUrl = relativeUrl.Insert(0, "~");  
  8.         if (!relativeUrl.StartsWith("~/")) relativeUrl = relativeUrl.Insert(0, "~/");  
  9.         var url = HttpContext.Current.Request.Url;  
  10.         var port = url.Port != 80 ? (":" + url.Port) : String.Empty;  
  11.         return String.Format("{0}://{1}{2}{3}", url.Scheme, url.Host, port, VirtualPathUtility.ToAbsolute(relativeUrl));  
  12.     }  
  13.     public static string GeneratePassword(int length) //length of salt    
  14.     {  
  15.         const string allowedChars = "abcdefghijkmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0123456789";  
  16.         var randNum = new Random();  
  17.         var chars = new char[length];  
  18.         var allowedCharCount = allowedChars.Length;  
  19.         for (var i = 0; i <= length - 1; i++)  
  20.         {  
  21.             chars[i] = allowedChars[Convert.ToInt32((allowedChars.Length) * randNum.NextDouble())];  
  22.         }  
  23.         return new string(chars);  
  24.     }  
  25.     public static string EncodePassword(string pass, string salt) //encrypt password    
  26.     {  
  27.         byte[] bytes = Encoding.Unicode.GetBytes(pass);  
  28.         byte[] src = Encoding.Unicode.GetBytes(salt);  
  29.         byte[] dst = new byte[src.Length + bytes.Length];  
  30.         System.Buffer.BlockCopy(src, 0, dst, 0, src.Length);  
  31.         System.Buffer.BlockCopy(bytes, 0, dst, src.Length, bytes.Length);  
  32.         HashAlgorithm algorithm = HashAlgorithm.Create("SHA1");  
  33.         byte[] inArray = algorithm.ComputeHash(dst);  
  34.         //return Convert.ToBase64String(inArray);    
  35.         return EncodePasswordMd5(Convert.ToBase64String(inArray));  
  36.     }  
  37.     public static string EncodePasswordMd5(string pass) //Encrypt using MD5    
  38.     {  
  39.         Byte[] originalBytes;  
  40.         Byte[] encodedBytes;  
  41.         MD5 md5;  
  42.         //Instantiate MD5CryptoServiceProvider, get bytes for original password and compute hash (encoded password)    
  43.         md5 = new MD5CryptoServiceProvider();  
  44.         originalBytes = ASCIIEncoding.Default.GetBytes(pass);  
  45.         encodedBytes = md5.ComputeHash(originalBytes);  
  46.         //Convert encoded bytes back to a 'readable' string    
  47.         return BitConverter.ToString(encodedBytes);  
  48.     }  
  49.     public static string base64Encode(string sData) // Encode    
  50.     {  
  51.         try  
  52.         {  
  53.             byte[] encData_byte = new byte[sData.Length];  
  54.             encData_byte = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(sData);  
  55.             string encodedData = Convert.ToBase64String(encData_byte);  
  56.             return encodedData;  
  57.         }  
  58.         catch (Exception ex)  
  59.         {  
  60.             throw new Exception("Error in base64Encode" + ex.Message);  
  61.         }  
  62.     }  
  63.     public static string base64Decode(string sData) //Decode    
  64.     {  
  65.         try  
  66.         {  
  67.             var encoder = new System.Text.UTF8Encoding();  
  68.             System.Text.Decoder utf8Decode = encoder.GetDecoder();  
  69.             byte[] todecodeByte = Convert.FromBase64String(sData);  
  70.             int charCount = utf8Decode.GetCharCount(todecodeByte, 0, todecodeByte.Length);  
  71.             char[] decodedChar = new char[charCount];  
  72.             utf8Decode.GetChars(todecodeByte, 0, todecodeByte.Length, decodedChar, 0);  
  73.             string result = new String(decodedChar);  
  74.             return result;  
  75.         }  
  76.         catch (Exception ex)  
  77.         {  
  78.             throw new Exception("Error in base64Decode" + ex.Message);  
  79.         }  
  80.     }  
  81. }  
Step 3: Changing Web.Config File.
  1. <add name="CmsDbContext" connectionString="Data Source=(local);Initial Catalog=WebCMS;User ID=sa;Password=Admin@321;" providerName="System.Data.SqlClient" /> 
See the name is the name we have given in the context class i.e CmsDbContext.

After this the database with name WebCMS and table as user with columns as per class parameters will be created after doing an Insert / Update / Delete operation.
 
Step 4: Registration Page Design
  1. <div class="panel panel-default mb0">  
  2.     <div class="panel-heading ui-draggable-handle">  
  3.         <h3 class="panel-title"><strong>New User </strong>  Registration</h3> </div> @using (Html.BeginForm("Registration""Admin"null, FormMethod.Post)) { @Html.AntiForgeryToken()  
  4.     <div class="panel-body">  
  5.         <div class="form-group pt20">  
  6.             <label class="col-md-3 col-xs-12 control-label align-right pt7">First Name</label>  
  7.             <div class="col-md-6 col-xs-12">  
  8.                 <div class="input-group"> <span class="input-group-addon"><span class="fa fa-pencil"></span></span>  
  9.                     <input type="text" class="form-control form-group" required="" name="FirstName"> @*Getting value by name and the name should be the name given in database column*@ </div> <span class="help-block">First Name field sample</span> </div>  
  10.             <div class="clearfix"></div>  
  11.         </div>  
  12.         <div class="form-group">  
  13.             <label class="col-md-3 col-xs-12 control-label align-right pt7">Last Name</label>  
  14.             <div class="col-md-6 col-xs-12">  
  15.                 <div class="input-group"> <span class="input-group-addon"><span class="fa fa-pencil"></span></span>  
  16.                     <input type="text" class="form-control form-group" required="" name="LastName"> @*Getting value by name and the name should be the name given in database column*@ </div> <span class="help-block">Last Name field sample</span> </div>  
  17.             <div class="clearfix"></div>  
  18.         </div>  
  19.         <div class="form-group">  
  20.             <label class="col-md-3 col-xs-12 control-label align-right pt7">User Name</label>  
  21.             <div class="col-md-6 col-xs-12">  
  22.                 <div class="input-group"> <span class="input-group-addon"><span class="fa fa-pencil"></span></span>  
  23.                     <input type="text" class="form-control form-group" required="" name="UserName"> @*Getting value by name and the name should be the name given in database column*@ </div> <span class="help-block">User Name field sample</span> </div>  
  24.             <div class="clearfix"></div>  
  25.         </div>  
  26.         <div class="form-group">  
  27.             <label class="col-md-3 col-xs-12 control-label align-right pt7">Email Id</label>  
  28.             <div class="col-md-6 col-xs-12">  
  29.                 <div class="input-group"> <span class="input-group-addon"><span class="fa fa-pencil"></span></span>  
  30.                     <input type="text" class="form-control form-group" required="" name="EmailId"> @*Getting value by name and the name should be the name given in database column*@ </div> <span class="help-block">Email-Id field sample</span> </div>  
  31.             <div class="clearfix"></div>  
  32.         </div>  
  33.         <div class="form-group">  
  34.             <label class="col-md-3 col-xs-12 control-label align-right pt7">Password</label>  
  35.             <div class="col-md-6 col-xs-12">  
  36.                 <div class="input-group"> <span class="input-group-addon"><span class="fa fa-unlock-alt"></span></span>  
  37.                     <input type="password" class="form-control" required="" name="Password"> </div> <span class="help-block">Password field sample</span> </div>  
  38.             <div class="clearfix"></div>  
  39.         </div>  
  40.         <div class="form-group">  
  41.             <label class="col-md-3 col-xs-12 control-label align-right pt7">Gender</label>  
  42.             <div class="col-md-6 col-xs-12">  
  43.                 <label class="radio-inline">  
  44.                     <input type="radio" checked="checked" value="Male" name="Gender">Male</label>  
  45.                 <label class="radio-inline">  
  46.                     <input type="radio" value="Female" name="Gender">Female</label>  
  47.             </div>  
  48.             <div class="clearfix"></div>  
  49.         </div>  
  50.     </div>  
  51.     <div class="panel-footer">  
  52.         <input type="reset" value="Clear Form" name="btnReset" class="btn btn-default" />  
  53.         <input type="submit" id="btnSubmit" name="btnSubmit" value="Submit" class="btn btn-primary pull-right" /> </div> }   
  54.  </div>  
I have created a Controller for Registration with Name as Admin and added the following codes,
  1. public ActionResult Registration()  
  2. {  
  3.     return View();  
  4. }  
  5. [ValidateAntiForgeryToken]  
  6. [HttpPost]  
  7. public ActionResult Registration(User objNewUser)  
  8. {  
  9.     try  
  10.     {  
  11.         using(var context = new CmsDbContext())  
  12.         {  
  13.             var chkUser = (from s in context.ObjRegisterUser where s.UserName == objNewUser.UserName || s.EmailId == objNewUser.EmailId select s).FirstOrDefault();  
  14.             if (chkUser == null)  
  15.             {  
  16.                 var keyNew = Helper.GeneratePassword(10);  
  17.                 var password = Helper.EncodePassword(objNewUser.Password, keyNew);  
  18.                 objNewUser.Password = password;  
  19.                 objNewUser.CreateDate = DateTime.Now;  
  20.                 objNewUser.ModifyDate = DateTime.Now;  
  21.                 objNewUser.VCode = keyNew;  
  22.                 context.ObjRegisterUser.Add(objNewUser);  
  23.                 context.SaveChanges();  
  24.                 ModelState.Clear();  
  25.                 return RedirectToAction("LogIn""Login");  
  26.             }  
  27.             ViewBag.ErrorMessage = "User Allredy Exixts!!!!!!!!!!";  
  28.             return View();  
  29.         }  
  30.     }  
  31.     catch (Exception e)  
  32.     {  
  33.         ViewBag.ErrorMessage = "Some exception occured" + e;  
  34.         return View();  
  35.     }  
  36. }  
After this step the registration page will look like the following,

 
After this you can check your database and see the password column.  Also give the same password and see the password column you will find different password in your database table,
 
Step 5: Login Page Design
  1. <div class="form-horizontal"> @using (Html.BeginForm("LogIn""Login"null, FormMethod.Post)) { @Html.AntiForgeryToken()  
  2.     <div class="form-group">  
  3.         <div class="col-md-12">  
  4.             <input type="text" class="form-control" required="" placeholder="E-mail" name="UserName" /> </div>  
  5.     </div>  
  6.     <div class="form-group">  
  7.         <div class="col-md-12">  
  8.             <input type="password" class="form-control" required="" placeholder="Password" name="Password" /> </div>  
  9.     </div>  
  10.     <div class="form-group">  
  11.         <div class="col-md-6"> <a href="#" class="btn btn-link btn-block">Forgot your password?</a> </div>  
  12.         <div class="col-md-6">  
  13.             <button class="btn btn-info btn-block">Log In</button>  
  14.         </div>  
  15.     </div>  
  16.     <div class="login-subtitle"> Don't have an account yet?@Html.ActionLink("Create an account""Registration""Admin") </div> }   
  17.  </div>  
I have created a controller for Login with Name Login and added the following code,
  1. public ActionResult Login()  
  2. {  
  3.     return View();  
  4. }  
  5. [ValidateAntiForgeryToken]  
  6. [HttpPost]  
  7. public ActionResult LogIn(string userName, string password)  
  8. {  
  9.     try  
  10.     {  
  11.         using(var context = new CmsDbContext())  
  12.         {  
  13.             var getUser = (from s in context.ObjRegisterUser where s.UserName == userName || s.EmailId == userName select s).FirstOrDefault();  
  14.             if (getUser != null)  
  15.             {  
  16.                 var hashCode = getUser.VCode;  
  17.                 //Password Hasing Process Call Helper Class Method    
  18.                 var encodingPasswordString = Helper.EncodePassword(password, hashCode);  
  19.                 //Check Login Detail User Name Or Password    
  20.                 var query = (from s in context.ObjRegisterUser where(s.UserName == userName || s.EmailId == userName) && s.Password.Equals(encodingPasswordString) select s).FirstOrDefault();  
  21.                 if (query != null)  
  22.                 {  
  23.                     //RedirectToAction("Details/" + id.ToString(), "FullTimeEmployees");    
  24.                     //return View("../Admin/Registration"); url not change in browser    
  25.                     return RedirectToAction("Index""Admin");  
  26.                 }  
  27.                 ViewBag.ErrorMessage = "Invallid User Name or Password";  
  28.                 return View();  
  29.             }  
  30.             ViewBag.ErrorMessage = "Invallid User Name or Password";  
  31.             return View();  
  32.         }  
  33.     }  
  34.     catch (Exception e)  
  35.     {  
  36.         ViewBag.ErrorMessage = " Error!!! contact cms@info.in";  
  37.         return View();  
  38.     }  
  39. }  
After this step you will see the Login Page as in the following,

 

Give proper user name, password and then you can login. Also you can download attached code from the attachment.