Mobile App Development in Details

This article explains mobile app development, related technologies, types of applications in the current scenario, from the past and the future along with their related operating systems.

This article explains mobile app development, related technologies, types of applications in the current scenario, from the past and the future along with their related operating systems. So buckle up and prpeare for this app journey.

Here we go!

Applications | Overview

We are in an era of applications that are continuously making our life easier, better and I can say extended. So just go through all these types and be a part of this app era.

Applications Overview
Definition

An application is nothing but a set of programs or codes designed for performing some required or pre-defined operations.

There can be several types of applications. Based on their functionality their definition and working methodology, technologies also differ from each other.
Definition
Now I am taking you into an ocean of applications.

Current scenario | App Development
 
Here I am comparing the data of a few years of mobile based devices like tablets, smartphones, fablets and so on with the internet on machines so that you can have a feel of the current app development market.
 
Current scenario 
Application | Types
 
When we talk about applications, our mind generally takes us to several types of utility apps, gaming apps and social networking apps, that's it, but that's neither the end nor the beginning. In the current scenario when we talk about applications, we need to be specific and more generic about what type of app we are talking about and what the scenario is for that.

So in this portion of this blog I will talk about several existing categories of applications and further I'll discuss about them in detail. (Here we will cover app categories from the past and future perceptions along with the present needs and usefulness.)
Application  Types 
 
In spite of all these major categories, there can be some derived categories too that fits in every major category depending on their development procedure and  various functionalities.
 
Generally, the most commonly used derived categories are:
  • Static Apps
  • Dynamic Apps
  • Single Page AppsEtc.
1. Native Applications

In simple words we can say that Native applications are developed for specific platforms and are installed on a computing device.

Native apps are generally developed using an Integrated Development Environment (IDE). IDEs are used in this kind of app development because IDEs provide:

  • Built-in support
  • Built-in support of libraries
  • Debugging
  • Version control tools
  • Project management tools

And some other useful utility tools for providing full support in app development.

Native Applications

We need to use IDEs because native apps are difficult to build because there is no direct development options such as you just only need to copy and paste some code snippet and it's over.

Native App | Features

Some of the most common features of native apps are as follows.

Pros:

  • MultiTouch support
  • Fast graphics API
  • Fluid Animation
  • Ease of use
  • Build in Components
  • Documentation

Cons:

  • Expensive Development work
  • Single Platform

Native App | Technologies 

Some of the most commonly used technologies are:
  • Native iOS
  • Native Android
  • PhoneGap
  • Accelerator Titanium

Native App | Example

Some popular apps are:
  • Walgreens
  • PIM Calendar
  • NFC MAC Address
  • Falling Blocks
  • Place Picker

2. Hybrid Applications

In very common words we can define hybrid apps as Applications that are a combination of both native and web applications.

As I explained, native apps are developed for specific platforms and are installed on a computing device and web applications are those that are built for multiple platforms and can work globally. These types of applications can be simply accessed or used by the browser via an active internet connection.
Hybrid Applications 

Thus hybrid apps are a combination of both of these categories, having more features than native and web applications individually.

Hybrid App | Features

Some of the most common features of hybrid apps are as follows.

Pros:

  • Can function whether or not device is connected.
  • Integration with device files system.
  • Integration with web based services.
  • An embedded browser to dynamically update online content.
  • Works on multiple platforms.

Cons:

  • Functionality distractions
  • Feature overlapping 

Hybrid App | Technologies

The mostly used technologies are:

  • Blackberry native
  • HTML5
  • PhoneGap

Hybrid App | Example

Some of the popular apps are:

  • Banana Republic
  • Financial Times
  • App shot
  • Bucket List

 Native VS Hybrid:

Here will compare and contrast between native app and hybrid apps, how they differ and scenarios depending on their functionality through this picture.

Just go through this image and feel the difference:

Native VS Hybrid 

Native VS Hybrid VS Web Applications

In this portion I am showing a real scenario of these 3 major app categories:

Native VS Hybrid VS Web Applications 
3. Generic Apps

In simple words we can say A mobile website will work with all the mobile platforms and phones as well.

In the diagram shown below, represents an overview or model of how generic applications actually work and their processing from one step to another without any difference. So the generic application concept is not really new, it was in the market but not at its peak but in the current scenario its crossing several leaps and bounds and giving tough competition to the mobile application development market.

Generic Apps

Generic App | Features 

Some measured features of generic apps are:

Pros:

  • Doesn't require specific GUI
  • Content oriented
  • Compact and cozy view
  • Web API based app development
  • Works on multiple platforms

 Cons:

  • Less user interaction
  • Functionally dependent on requirement
  • Generally static apps
  • Requires active internet connection
Generic App | Technologies
 
Some preferred technologies are:
  • C# (Microsoft)
  • Android
  • Objective C (iOS)
  • FI_WARE (open Tech)

Generic App | Examples 

Some popular apps are:
  • NHL series
  • Tomb Raider
  • HTML5 Learner
  • Flipkart Applicaion
  • Ebay application
4. Dedicated Apps

 In common words Dedicated apps are requirement-specific static apps that are directly dependent upon the few module requirements and limited functionality.

Dedicated apps are better than bookmarked apps because several well defined and designed functionality depend on the requirements.

Dedicated Apps
 
Some people define dedicated apps as a website that is tailored to work on mobile devices.

Dedicated App | Features 

Some features of dedicated apps are:

Pros:

  • Supports various platforms.
  • Functionality dependent app development
  • Can be static or dynamic
  • Based on client requirement architecture

 Cons:

  • Less functionality
  • Out dated
  • Less user friendly
Dedicated App | Technologies

 Some preferred technologies are:

  • HTML5/CSS3
  • Android
  • WIN 8 Environment
Dedicated App | Examples
 
Some popular apps are:
  • Swift key Keyboard
  • Food planer
  • Timely
  • Keep
  • Duolingo
  • Path talk
  • Minecraft
5. Bookmark Apps

 In simple words bookmark apps are applications that let users save web resources that they wish to access later into organized lists that can be shared online or we can say bookmark apps are mobile websites. Bookmark apps make your website compatible for viewing in mobile or tablets or mobile versions of a website.

Bookmark Apps. 

Bookmark App | Feature 

Some specific features are:

Pros:

  • Works in organized way.
  • Have name different from link.
  • You just need to customize your website.
  • Can be organized into several folders.
  • Drag and drop functionality

 Cons:

  • Generally static apps
  • Less user interaction
  • Out dated

Bookmark App | Technologies 

 Bookmarks applications don't use any specific technology, these applications are generally based on browser interaction, so these applications use:
  • HTML5/CSS3 
  • Basic Scripting Languages
  • Graphics/API's

Bookmark App | Example

  • Reddit
  • How-To-Geek
  • InstaPaper
  • Blogmarks
  • Goolge Bookmarks
  • Pocket
6:  Cross Platform Apps
 
In most simple words we can say In computing, cross-platform means applications/software that can work freely in various platforms or multiple platforms.
Cross-platform applications can be based on the following two types of functionalities:
  • Run time packages
  • Standard components
Cross Platform Apps
 
Cross-platform applications are widely used and accepted these days due to their performance and capability of supporting various platforms without serious causes. In spite of all these it also gives developers some additional support of libraries, utility tools and so on.

Cross platform Design | view 

This view represents the support and design architecture.
Cross platform Design 

Cross Platform App | Features 

Some features of cross platform apps are:

Pros:

  • Can be used is multiple platforms
  • Can function both online and offline mode
  • User friendly environment
  • Ease of development
  • Fully function oriented
  • Combination of hybrid and native apps (in general)
  • Mutitouch functionality
  • Integration with web based services

 Cons:

  • Security aspects
  • Testing issues
  • Hidden privacy flaws
  • Data lose
  • Requires execution environment

Cross Platform App | Technologies 

Some preferred technologies/frameworks are:
  • Phone Gap
  • Open GL
  • Mozilla application platform
  • WebDev
  • WinDev
  • TCL/TK
Cross Platform App | Example

 Some popular apps are:

  • Team Play
  • Team Fortress
  • UNO
  • Whatsapp
  • BBMS
  • Shadow Run
  • Lost Planet
  • DUST 514