Useful Way to Call Controller Actions From HTML Using jQuery

When writing MVC code you cannot forget jQuery. jQuery provides a substantial contribution to make your application faster.

The following is what is to be discussed:

  • using $.get()
  • using $.post()
  • using $.ajax()
  • using URL (JavaScript style)

When you are writing jQuery code, one thing to keep in your mind is that you need to minimize page loading/refreshing.

http://blogs.mooncopula.com/Home/BlogPage?blogid=4

$.get() method
  1. Calling Controller Action without parameter.

    Controller:
    1. public string SaveEmployeeRecord()  
    2. {  
    3.    string res = "this is return value";  
    4.    // do here some operation  
    5.    return res;  
    6. }  
    View:
    1. $.get("/Home/SaveEmployeeRecord",nullfunction (data) {  
    2.            alert(data);  
    3.        });  
  2. Calling Controller Action with parameter.

    Controller:
    1. public string SaveEmployeeRecord(string name)  
    2. {  
    3.    string res = name;  
    4.    // do here some operation  
    5.    return res;  
    6. }  
    View:
    1. $.get("/Home/SaveEmployeeRecord", {name:'Deepak'}, function (data) {  
    2.          alert(data);  
    3.      });  
  3. Calling Controller Action with parameter returning JSON data.

    Controller:
    1. public JsonResult SaveEmployeeRecord(string id,string name)  
    2. {  
    3.    string this_id = id;  
    4.    string this_name = name;  
    5.    // do here some operation  
    6.    return Json(new {id=this_id,name = this_name },JsonRequestBehavior.AllowGet);  
    7. }  
    View:
    1. $.get("/Home/SaveEmployeeRecord", {id:'67',name:'Deepak'}, function (data) {  
    2.           alert(data.id); // display id value which is returned from the action method  
    3.           alert(data.name);//display name value which is returned from the action method  
    4.        });  

$.post() method

The syntax and use of the post method is just like the get method. Here instead of using the get keyword, use the post keyword and all the other things are the same.

  1. Calling Controller Action without parameter.

    Controller:
    1. public string SaveEmployeeRecord()  
    2. {  
    3.    string res = "this is return value";  
    4.    // do here some operation  
    5.    return res;  
    6. }  
    View:
    1. $.post("/Home/SaveEmployeeRecord",nullfunction (data) {  
    2.            alert(data);  
    3.        });  
  2. Calling Controller Action with parameter.

    Controller:
    1. public string SaveEmployeeRecord(string name)  
    2. {  
    3.    string res = name;  
    4.    // do here some operation  
    5.    return res;  
    6. }  
    View:
    1. $.post("/Home/SaveEmployeeRecord", {name:'Deepak'}, function (data) {  
    2.          alert(data);  
    3.      });  
  3. Calling Controller Action with parameter returning JSON data.

    Controller:
    1. public JsonResult SaveEmployeeRecord(string id,string name)  
    2. {  
    3.    string this_id = id;  
    4.    string this_name = name;  
    5.    // do here some operation  
    6.    return Json(new {id=this_id,name = this_name },JsonRequestBehavior.AllowGet);  
    7. }  
    View:
    1. $.post("/Home/SaveEmployeeRecord", {id:'67',name:'Deepak'}, function (data) {  
    2.           alert(data.id); // display id value which is returned from the action method  
    3.           alert(data.name);//display name value which is returned from the action method  
    4.        });  

$.ajax() method

  1. Calling Controller Action with parameter returning JSON data.

    Controller:
    1. public JsonResult SaveEmployeeRecord(string id,string name)  
    2. {  
    3.      string this_id = id;  
    4.      string this_name = name;  
    5.      // do here some operation  
    6.      return Json(new {id=this_id,name = this_name },JsonRequestBehavior.AllowGet);  
    7. }  
    View:
    1. $.ajax({  
    2.            type: 'POST',  
    3.            dataType: 'json',  
    4.            url: '/Home/SaveEmployeeRecord',  
    5.            data: { id: '67', name: 'Deepak' },  
    6.            success: function (Data) {  
    7.                alert(data.id);  
    8.                alert(data.name);  
    9.            },  
    10.            error: function (XMLHttpRequest, textStatus, errorThrown) {  
    11.   
    12.            }  
    13.        });  

X

Build smarter apps with Machine Learning, Bots, Cognitive Services - Start free.

Start Learning Now