Active Directory and SharePoint

Active Directory & SharePoint are co-operated technologies.  In this article we will see an overview of Active Directory & integration with SharePoint.

What is Active Directory?

Active Directory (AD) is a Directory Service from Microsoft. In simple terms Directory Service is a directory containing users, computers & properties. Active Directory performs Authentication & Authorization.

ActDir1.jpg

The features of Active Directory are:

  1. Indexed
  2. Fast
  3. Replicated
  4. Hierarchical
  5. Extensible

Active Directory is installed as a Role in Windows Server operating systems.

ActDir2.jpg

Inside Active Directory

We can explore the Users & Groups by expanding the domain > user's tree as shown below:

ActDir3.jpg

We can also add / edit / delete users & groups using this interface.

Groups inside Active Directory

We can create user groups inside Active Directory. There are 2 types of groups:

  1. Security Group
  2. Distribution Group

Security Groups are used to assign security rights to a set of users. Example: Backup Group, Department Groups like Technology, Finance etc.

Distribution Groups are email distribution groups. Example: Country Distribution group containing all members from a particular country,

ActDir4.jpg

You can right-click on the Users item to create a group.

ActDir5.jpg

Group Scope

Group Scopes determine the visibility of the group. There are 3 group scopes:

  1. Domain local
  2. Global
  3. Universal

Domain local groups can be assigned permissions only in the Domain. Global groups can be assigned permissions in all the domains. Universal groups can be assigned permissions in any domain forest.

ActDir6.jpg

Active Directory & SharePoint

The following are the points to be noted for working with SharePoint & Active Directory:

  • Users can be authenticated against Active Directory
  • The User Profile Service Application is the SharePoint part for working with Active Directory
  • We can synchronize user profiles & schedule synchronization

References

http://bit.ly/11eMOcY

Summary

In this article we have explored Active Directory features & usage with SharePoint. In the next article I will describe Active Directory User creation & Assigning to SharePoint Groups.

X

Build smarter apps with Machine Learning, Bots, Cognitive Services - Start free.

Start Learning Now