Themes in SharePoint 2010 Programmatically Using VS 2010

Introduction

 

Today, in this article let's play around with one of the interesting and most useful concepts in SharePoint 2010.
 

Question: What is a theme?

 

In simple terms "A theme is a collection of property settings that allow you to define the look of pages and controls, and then apply the look consistently across pages in a Web application, across an entire Web application, or across all Web applications on a server".

 

I think we are now good to go and implement this wonderful concept.

 

Step 1: Open SharePoint 2010 Central Administration and navigate to aspecific site.

 

 

Step 2: Open up Visual Studio 2010 and create an "Empty Sharepoint Project":

 

ThmsShr1.jpg

 

Step 3: Select "Deploy as a farm solution" and click on the "Finish" button. Now an empty project will be created:

 

ThmsShr2.jpg
 

 

Step 4: Add a new visual webpart for that project.

 

ThmsShr3.jpg
 

 

Step 5: The complete code of visualwebpart1usercontrol.ascx looks like this:

 

<%@ Assembly Name="$SharePoint.Project.AssemblyFullName$" %>

<%@ Assembly Name="Microsoft.Web.CommandUI, Version=14.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=71e9bce111e9429c" %>

<%@ Register TagPrefix="SharePoint" Namespace="Microsoft.SharePoint.WebControls"

    Assembly="Microsoft.SharePoint, Version=14.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=71e9bce111e9429c" %>

<%@ Register TagPrefix="Utilities" Namespace="Microsoft.SharePoint.Utilities" Assembly="Microsoft.SharePoint, Version=14.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=71e9bce111e9429c" %>

<%@ Register TagPrefix="asp" Namespace="System.Web.UI" Assembly="System.Web.Extensions, Version=3.5.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31bf3856ad364e35" %>

<%@ Import Namespace="Microsoft.SharePoint" %>

<%@ Register TagPrefix="WebPartPages" Namespace="Microsoft.SharePoint.WebPartPages"

    Assembly="Microsoft.SharePoint, Version=14.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=71e9bce111e9429c" %>

<%@  Control Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="true" CodeBehind="VisualWebPart1UserControl.ascx.cs"

    Inherits="ProgramaticThemeApplication.VisualWebPart1.VisualWebPart1UserControl" %>

<div align="center" style="font-family: Verdana; font-weight: bold">

    <table>

        <tr>

            <td>

                <asp:label id="Label1" runat="server" text="Please Enter Theme Name: " forecolor="Brown"></asp:label>

            </td>

            <td>

                <asp:textbox id="TextBox1" runat="server"></asp:textbox>

            </td>

        </tr>

        <tr>

            <td colspan="2">

                <asp:button id="Button1" runat="server" text="Apply New Theme" onclick="Button1_Click"

                    backcolor="Orange" />

            </td>

        </tr>

        <tr>

            <td colspan="2">

                <asp:label id="Label2" runat="server"></asp:label>

            </td>

        </tr>

    </table>

</div>

 

Step 6: The complete code of visualwebpart1usercontrol.ascx.cs looks like this:

 

using System;

using System.Web.UI;

using System.Web.UI.WebControls;

using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;

using Microsoft.SharePoint;

using Microsoft.SharePoint.Utilities;

namespace ProgramaticThemeApplication.VisualWebPart1

{

    public partial class VisualWebPart1UserControl : UserControl

    {

        protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)

        {

            TextBox1.Focus();

        }

        protected void Button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)

        {

            if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(TextBox1.Text))

            {

                Label2.Text = ""; Label2.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Red;

            }

            else

            {

                SPSite site = new SPSite("http://win-5d57sl2rvt1:9107/");

                SPWeb web = site.OpenWeb();

                ThmxTheme thmxTheme = ThmxTheme.Open(site, "_catalogs/theme/" + TextBox1.Text + ".thmx");

                thmxTheme.ApplyTo(web, false);

                web.Update();

                Label2.Text = TextBox1.Text + " Theme is successfully applied";

                Label2.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Green;

                TextBox1.Text = string.Empty;

            }

        }

    }

}


 

Step 7: Deploy the solution file and add the created webpart to the sharepoint site:

 

Output4.png
 

 

 

Step 8: Adding new theme:

 

Output5.png
 

 

Step 9: Applied theme site looks like this:

 


 ThmsShr6.jpg

 

I hope this article is useful for you.