Highlight DataGrid Cell On MouseMove Event In WPF

Introduction

This article describes how to highlight a DataGrid cell on a MouseOver event. Here I use styles for highlighting the DataGrid cell containing some element upon a MouseOver event. This is easily done using a property called a trigger in WPF.

Triggers in Styles

A Trigger defines a list of actions to be fired when the specified condition is matched. There are two types of triggers in WPF.

  • Property Triggers : Property trigger get fired when a property gets a specified value.
  • Event Triggers : Event trigger defines a mechanism through that triggers animated change in a property.

 Step 1

The simplest way to create a WPF Application is with Microsoft Visual Studio 2010:

  • Open Visual Studio 2010.
  • Launch the New Project dialog box.
  • Select the WPF project type with a WPF application template.
  • Assign the project name and click "OK" to create the new project.
aki1.jpg

Step 2

Now we use a DataGrid tool from the toolbox as in the following:

  • Go to the "View" -> "Toolbox".
  • Then Drag and Drop a DataGrid on the design view.
  • Add the following source code in MainWindow.xaml:

    <Grid>

        <Grid.RowDefinitions>

            <RowDefinition Height="84" />

            <RowDefinition Height="370" />

        </Grid.RowDefinitions>

        <DataGrid AutoGenerateColumns="True" Height="441" 

                  HorizontalAlignment="Left" Margin="41,16,0,0" Name="itemSales"

                  VerticalAlignment="Top" Width="597" ColumnWidth="*" CanUserAddRows="False" Grid.RowSpan="2" />

    </Grid>

Step 3

  • Now go the MainWindows.cs and write the following code:

using System;

using System.Collections.Generic;

using System.Linq;

using System.Text;

using System.Windows;

using System.Windows.Controls;

using System.Windows.Data;

using System.Windows.Documents;

using System.Windows.Input;

using System.Windows.Media;

using System.Windows.Media.Imaging;

using System.Windows.Navigation;

using System.Windows.Shapes;

using System.Collections.ObjectModel;

 

namespace Change_apperence

{

    /// <summary>

    /// Interaction logic for MainWindow.xaml

    /// </summary>

    public partial class MainWindow : Window

    {

        public MainWindow()

        {

            InitializeComponent();

        }

 

        private void Window_Loaded(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)

        {

            itemSales.ItemsSource = new ProductsSalesCollection();

        }

    }

 

    public class itemsSales

    {

        public string itemsName { get; set; }

        public int a1 { get; set; }

        public int a2 { get; set; }

        public int a3 { get; set; }

        public int a4 { get; set; }

    }

 

    public class ProductsSalesCollection : ObservableCollection<itemsSales>

    {

        public ProductsSalesCollection()

        {

            Add(new itemsSales() { itemsName = "sofa", a1 = 2500, a2 = 3200, a3 = 8722, a4 = 10000 });

            Add(new itemsSales() { itemsName = "tv", a1 = 5400, a2 = 1300, a3 = 2900, a4 = 5000 });

            Add(new itemsSales() { itemsName = "Radio", a1 = 2500, a2 = 7300, a3 = 5900, a4 = 8000 });

            Add(new itemsSales() { itemsName = "tabel", a1 = 1400, a2 = 9300, a3 = 9200, a4 = 1200 });

            Add(new itemsSales() { itemsName = "Bad", a1 = 5400, a2 = 5200, a3 = 2500, a4 = 1200 });

 

            Add(new itemsSales() { itemsName = "mobile", a1 = 1500, a2 = 4200, a3 = 2722, a4 = 1000 });

            Add(new itemsSales() { itemsName = "washing mashine", a1 = 5100, a2 = 2300, a3 = 2200, a4 = 500 });

            Add(new itemsSales() { itemsName = "Radio", a1 = 2500, a2 = 6300, a3 = 5800, a4 = 8000 });

            Add(new itemsSales() { itemsName = "Ac", a1 = 1400, a2 = 9300, a3 = 9200, a4 = 1000 });

            Add(new itemsSales() { itemsName = "laptop", a1 = 5400, a2 = 5200, a3 = 1500, a4 = 9200 });

        }

    }

 

}

 

 Step 4

  • Again open the WindowMain.xaml and add code for the style.

 <Window.Resources>

        <Style TargetType="{x:Type DataGridCell}">

            <Style.Triggers>

                <Trigger Property="IsMouseOver" Value="True">

                    <Setter Property="Background" Value="pink"></Setter>

                    <Setter Property="FontSize" Value="50"></Setter>

                </Trigger>

            </Style.Triggers>

        </Style>

    </Window.Resources>

 

  • The final source code of the WindowsMain.xaml is:

<Window x:Class="change_apperence.MainWindow"

        xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"

        xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"

        Title="MainWindow" Height="459" Width="707" Loaded="Window_Loaded">

    <Window.Resources>

        <Style TargetType="{x:Type DataGridCell}">

            <Style.Triggers>

                <Trigger Property="IsMouseOver" Value="True">

                    <Setter Property="Background" Value="pink"></Setter>

                    <Setter Property="FontSize" Value="50"></Setter>

                </Trigger>

            </Style.Triggers>

        </Style>

    </Window.Resources>

    <Grid>

        <Grid.RowDefinitions>

            <RowDefinition Height="84" />

            <RowDefinition Height="370" />

        </Grid.RowDefinitions>

        <DataGrid AutoGenerateColumns="True" Height="441" 

                  HorizontalAlignment="Left" Margin="41,16,0,0" Name="itemSales"

                  VerticalAlignment="Top" Width="597" ColumnWidth="*" CanUserAddRows="False" Grid.RowSpan="2" />

    </Grid>

</Window>

 

Output:

 

Press F5:


 12345.jpg

 

Now move the cursor over the DataGrid cells:

aki5.jpg

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