A New JavaScript Library to Manipulate Date ( Moment.js)


This JavaScript Library helps to work with date and time. As we know when we work on date and time using JavaScript we encounter many challenges. So this library ultimately saves you time and effort because it provides a rich set of functions. By using them you can directly validate, manipulate and format date values. Since this is a light-weight library, it is very easy to use without the overhead. Now we discuss this library in detail.
This library is freely available. You can use either a minified or full version of this library as you require. In this library, all the operations are performed on a moment object so the date or time is stored in this library as a moment object only. So this moment object is the core of this entire library. You can find this library at Moment.js site's home page.
You can use this library with node.js or a browser. To use this library in Node.js you can write the following:
npm install moment
  1. Var moment =require ('moment');  
  2. Moment.format(); 
And if you want to use this library then you need to add this Moment.js library as in the following:
  1. <script src="moment.js" temp_src="moment.js"></script>  
  2. lt;script>  
  3.       moment().format();  
  4. lt;/script> 
  1. If you want to get today's date or time:

    var now=moment();
  2. If you want to pass a date as a string:

     var dt=moment("Dec 25, 1995");
  3. Validate a date using isValid():

  4. When passing date as a string if you know the format then you can specify the format:

    moment("11-21-2013", "MM-DD-YYYY");

    we can specify the format from the table below:
    MonthNumber (1-12)
    Day of month
    2digit year
    24hour time
  5. If you want to wrap a date object to moment:
    var dat = new Date(2013, 10, 22);
    var wrap = moment(dat);
  6. Fetch Date and time from a moment object:
    1. moment().date();  
    2. moment().date(Number);  
    3. moment().days(Number | String);  
    4. moment().days();// Number  
    5. moment().dayOfYear(Number);  
    6. moment().year(Number);  
    7. moment().year(); 
    you can use many built-in methods to fetch all details.
  7. Difference

    If you want to find the difference between two moments then there are many functions provided by moment.js. 
    1. moment().diff(Moment|String|Number|Date|Array);  
    2. moment().diff(Moment|String|Number|Date|Array, String);  
    3. moment().diff(Moment|String|Number|Date|Array, String, Boolean); 

    • To get the difference in  milliseconds:
      1. var first = moments([2010, 0, 29]);  
      2. var second = moments([2013, 1, 29]);  
      3. alert(first.diff(second)); 
    • To get the difference in years, days or months you can specify one more arguments:
      1. alert(first.diff(second,'days'));    
      2. alert(first.diff(second,'months'));   
      3. alert(first.diff(second,'years')); 
      To get a floating value, suppose in the case of years you can pass one more argument as true then it will return the exact floating value: 
  8. Convert to JSON

    If you want to convert moment to JSON then you can directly use the toJSON() method:

  9. Manipulation
    • Add

      moment().add('days', 7);

      In place of days you can write months, weeks, minutes, hours, seconds and so on.


      You can use this object in a literal format also.
    • Subtract

      moment().subtract(String, Number);
      moment().subtract('days', 7);

  10. Formatting


    Here String is format of date like following:
    moment().format("dddd, MM Do YYYY, h:mm ");
    moment().format("ddd, hA,SS");
  11. Some Important Functions for Comparison
    • IsBefore

      This function will check whether the first date is earlier than the second date:
      moment().isBefore(Moment | String | Number | Date | Array, String);
      moment('2012-10-10').isBefore('2012-10-11');// true
      If you want to check which current date and time.

      By default, it checks by milliseconds and if you want it to be restricted to some level for comparison then you can specify that as in the following:
      moment('2012-11-20').isBefore('2012-12-31','year'); //false
    • IsSame 

      This function determines whether two dates are the same or not.
      1. moment().isSame(Moment | String | Number | Date | Array, String);  
      2. moment('2013-11-10').isSame('2013-11-10');// true  
      3. You can specify which part you need to compare as in the following:  
      4. moment('2013-11-10').isSame('2013-10-21''year'); // true 
      This will compare the year part of the date.
      If you do not specify a date then it will use the current time by default:
      moment().isSame(); // true
      As in the methods above, moment.js also provides the following methods:
      1. IsAfter() ;//check if a moment is after another moment.  
      2. isLeapYear() : // check year is leap year or not.  
      3. isMoment() ;//check variable is moment object or not. 
There are many other features and methods available. For more information please refer to the documentation of moments.js.