What Less.js Is


In this article, we learn what less.js is and how to implement it. 
LESS stands for Leaner CSS. LESS is a pre-processor. LESS extends the CSS language. In LESS we can declare variables. LESS runs inside nodes. In other words, LESS is a CSS framework that extends our CSS, it adds more features like initializing variables, mixings, functions, and many other technologies that make CSS more maintainable.
Let's add an HTML page and name it home.htm. Then add a folder and name it style. In this folder, we will add a CSS file and name it StyleSheet.css.
In style.css
  1. .Div { float:leftfont-family: Georgia; font-size : 16px; background-color : blackcolor#FFFwidth:1000pxheight40pxpadding-top:10pxpadding-left:30px; }  
  2. .DivOne { float:leftfont-family: Georgia; font-size : 20pxbackground-color:blackcolor#FFFwidth:1000pxheight40pxpadding-top:10pxpadding-left:30px; } 
In Home.html
  1. <!DOCTYPE html>    
  2. <html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">    
  3. <head>    <link href="style/StyleSheet.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"></link></head>    
  4. <body>    <div class="Div">        Pramod    </div>    
  5.         <div style="clear:both; height:10px; width:10px;"></div>    
  6.         <div class="DivOne">        Ravi    </div>    
  7. </body></html>   
But what is new in less.js? We have done these things without using less.js. So I will share one amazing feature of LESS.
Variable Declaration
Suppose the client says to me, please replace the black with red in the background color. In this scenario, I need to manually change the color code in all the CSS classes. That is a painful task for me. LESS provides a facility for declaring a variable. In LESS variables are case sensitive. In stylesheet.css I will declare a variable called bgcolor and set the color name to Red.
  1. @bgcolor: red;   
And replace the code "background-color : black" with "background-color : @bgcolor".
Let's make some changes to home.htm. In the link tag replace rel=”stylesheet” with rel="stylesheet/less".
  1. <link href="style/StyleSheet.css" rel="stylesheet/less" type="text/css"></link>   
Add a reference of less.js and see the output.
  1. <script src="Scripts/less-1.7.5-min.js"></script>   
html output
Note: Run it as a website, not as an HTML file. The URL should be like http://localhost or http://mywebsite.com.
Variable Scope
LESS has two scopes, global and local. A variable that is declared outside a class definition is a global variable and its value is accessible and modifiable. A variable that is declared inside a function definition is local. A local variable is not accessible outside of the class.
I hope this article is helpful to you.
Thanks :)