NumericUpDown In C#

A NumericUpDown control allows users to provide a spin (up/down) interface to move through pre-defined numbers using up and down arrows. In this tutorial, we will see how to create a NumericUpDown control at design-time as well as at run-time.

A NumericUpDown control allows users to provide a spin (up/down) interface to move through pre-defined numbers using up and down arrows. In this tutorial, we will see how to create a NumericUpDown control at design-time as well as at run-time.

Creating a NumericUpDown

We can create a NumericUpDown control using the Forms designer at design-time or using the NumericUpDown class in code at run-time (also known as dynamically).

Design-time

To create a NumericUpDown control at design-time, you simply drag and drop a NumericUpDown control from Toolbox to a Form in Visual Studio. After you drag and drop a NumericUpDown on a Form, the NumericUpDown looks like Figure 1. Once a NumericUpDown is on the Form, you can move it around and resize it using mouse and set its properties and events.

NumericUpDown
Figure 1

Run-time

Creating a NumericUpDown control at run-time is merely a work of creating an instance of NumericUpDown class, setting its properties and adding NumericUpDown class to the Form controls.

First step to create a dynamic NumericUpDown is to create an instance of NumericUpDown class. The following code snippet creates a NumericUpDown control object.

  1. private System.Windows.Forms.NumericUpDown numericUpDown1;  
  2. this.numericUpDown1 = new System.Windows.Forms.NumericUpDown();  

In the next step, you may set properties of a NumericUpDown control. The following code snippet sets location, size and name properties of a NumericUpDown.

  1. this.numericUpDown1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(26, 12);  
  2. this.numericUpDown1.Name = "numericUpDown1";  
  3. this.numericUpDown1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(228, 20);  
  4. this.numericUpDown1.TabIndex = 0;  

Once the NumericUpDown control is ready with its properties, the next step is to add the NumericUpDown to a Form. To do so, we use Form.Controls.Add method that adds NumericUpDown control to the Form controls and displays on the Form based on the location and size of the control. The following code snippet adds a NumericUpDown control to the current Form.

  1. this.Controls.Add(this.NumericUpDown1);  

Setting NumericUpDown Properties

After you place a NumericUpDown control on a Form, the next step is to set its properties.

The easiest way to set properties is from the Properties Window. You can open Properties window by pressing F4 or right clicking on a control and selecting Properties menu item. The Properties window looks like Figure 2.

NumericUpDown Properties
Figure 2

Name

Name property represents a unique name of a NumericUpDown control. It is used to access the control in the code. The following code snippet sets and gets the name and text of a NumericUpDown control.

  1. privateNumericUpDown dynamicUpDown = newNumericUpDown();  
  2. dynamicUpDown.Name = "DynamicUpDownButton";  

Location, Height, Width and Size

The Location property takes a Point that specifies the starting position of the NumericUpDown on a Form. You may also use Left and Top properties to specify the location of a control from the left top corner of the Form. The Size property specifies the size of the control. We can also use Width and Height property instead of Size property. The following code snippet sets Location, Width, and Height properties of a NumericUpDown control.

  1. dynamicUpDown.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(12, 50);  
  2. dynamicUpDown.Width = 200;  
  3. dynamicUpDown.Height = 25;  

Font

Font property represents the font of text of a NumericUpDown control. If you click on the Font property in Properties window, you will see Font name, size and other font options. The following code snippet sets Font property at run-time.

  1. dynamicUpDown.Font = newFont("Georgia", 12);  

Foreground and Background

ForeColor and BackColor properties represent foreground and background colors of a control. The following code snippet sets the background and foreground colors of a control.

  1. dynamicUpDown.ForeColor = Color.Orange;  
  2. dynamicUpDown.BackColor = Color.Black;  

Current Value

The Value property represents the currently selected value in a control. The following code snippet sets and gets the Value properties at run-time.

  1. dynamicUpDown.Value = 10;  
  2. MessageBox.Show(dynamicUpDown.Value.ToString());  

Minimum and Maximum Range

Minimum and Maximum properties are used to set the minimum and maximum values of a NumericUpDown control. The following code snippet sets the minimum and maximum properties at run-time.

  1. dynamicUpDown.Minimum = -10;  
  2. dynamicUpDown.Maximum = 10;  

Acceleration and Increment

Accelerations property can be used to move through a set of values when up and down buttons are clicked in a NumericUpDown control.

Increment property is used to set the value that is increased or decreased when up and down buttons are clicked. The following code snippet sets the Increment and adds accelerations.

  1. dynamicUpDown.Increment = 5;  
  2. numericUpDown1.Accelerations.Add(newNumericUpDownAcceleration(2, -5));  
  3. numericUpDown1.Accelerations.Add(newNumericUpDownAcceleration(5, 0));  
  4. numericUpDown1.Accelerations.Add(newNumericUpDownAcceleration(8, 5));  

Decimal Places

We can format the number of a NumericDropDown control using the DecimalPlaces property. The following code snippet formats the number that displays 4 decimal values.

  1. dynamicUpDown.DecimalPlaces = 4;  

HexaDecimal

We can use a NumericDropDown control to display number value in hexadecimal format. The following code snippet formats the number in hexadecimal.

  1. dynamicUpDown.Hexadecimal = true;  

NumericUpDown ValueChanged Event Hander

ValueChanged event is fired when the value of a NumericUpDown control is changed. This is important, say, if you need to refresh some data on the Form based on the value of the changed NumericUpDown.

To add this property event handler, you go to Events window and double click on the ValueChanged event as you can see in Figure 3

NumericUpDown ValueChanged Event Hander
Figure 3

The following code snippet defines and implements these events and their respective event handlers.

  1. this.numericUpDown1.ValueChanged += new System.EventHandler(this.numericUpDown1_ValueChanged);  
  2. privatevoid numericUpDown1_ValueChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)  
  3. {  
  4. }  

Summary

In this article, we discussed how to create a NumericUpDown control in Windows Forms at design-time as well as run-time. After that, we saw how to use various properties and methods.