Cheat Sheet For Git Basic Commands

This article is for a quick reference of all the basic git commands that is used on a daily basis by every other coder.

Git Bash will be the best tool for performing all the git commands and that can be downloaded from the git-scm website

To configure the git environment


Description / Used for

git config --global <userName>

To set user name for the local system (may not be same as the online repository)

git config --global <>

To identify the local user and used for the commits.

git config --global core.editor "code --wait"

To set the default editor for all the command line editing. “Code” represents VS Code and other editors include Vim, Emacs, Nano, Sublime and Atom

git config --global core.autocrlf true


git config --global core.autocrlf input

To configure the carriage return of the file ending line. Flag ‘true’ is set for Windows OS and the flag ‘input’ is set for OS X

git config --global color.ui auto

For the ease of command line differences, color coding can be automatically be set by configuring in the global.

The flag –global is necessary to set for all the repositories, otherwise it will be applied for that particular directory.

To work with the online repositories


Description / Used for

git clone https://<giturl>

To clone the online repository to the local


To list all the files available in the directory

git fetch

To fetch the latest changes from the online repository while working in the local repository to see the changes (without modifying it)

git merge

To merge the latest changes from the online repo

git pull

Used to combine the action of git fetch and git merge.

Life cycle of a git repository


Description / Used for

git init

To initialize a working directory as git repository

git add <test.js>

git add .

git add -all

To add the file from the working directory to the stagging area. File can be added individually using the file name or more than one file can be added at a stretch using `.` or `-all` commands

git status

To display the modified files in the working folder

git diff

git diff --staged

To differentiate the staged files from the un-staged file use git diff. To differentiate the committed files from the staged file use git diff --staged

git commit -m "<commit description >"

To commit the staged file which are ready to make the new version of the repository. Commits can be made along with the description of that version like what is the change is all about.

git remote -v

To list all the connected online repository

git remote add <name> <URL>

git remote rename <oldName> <newName>

git remote remove <name>

To add a new online repository and provide a name for that repo (for future references)

To rename the online repos reference

To remove the particular remote connection using the name that we provided.

git push <origin> <main>

git push -u <origin> <main>

To publish the committed version online, use git push with the name of the remote connection and branch name.

If the connection requires upstream (tracking) reference then add the flag `-u` to the command

git push <name> --delete <branchName>

To delete a branch available in the online repo

Other miscellaneous git commands


Description / Used for

git branch

To list the available branches for that repo

git branch <branchName>

git branch -m <oldName> <newName>

To create a new branch

To rename the existing branch

git branch -d <branchName>

To delete a branch in the local repo

git checkout <newBranchName>

git checkout -b <branchName>

To move on to a new branch

To create a new branch and move directly to that branch.

git log

To display the commit history of the current branch

git diff branch2...branch1

To show the difference available between the branches

git rm <filename>

To delete the file and stage the changes

git mv <oldPath> <newPath>

To move the file from one path to another and stage the changes

git rebase <commit>

In the current branch, apply the changes available in the commit id

git reset --hard <commit>

In the current branch, remove all the staged changes and start from latest changes available in the commit id

git stash

To save all the modified changes temporarily in the staged area.

git stash drop

To discard all the temporary changes made in the staged area.

git cherry-pick <commit>

To move a commit from one branch to another

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