Child to Parent Data Sharing in Angular


This article dives into the process of sharing data from child to parent components in Angular using the @Output decorator. We'll explore the core concepts behind this approach, demonstrate its practical implementation through examples, and discuss its advantages in terms of code organization, reusability, and maintainability. By the end of this article, you'll have a clear understanding of how to harness the power of the @Output decorator to enhance your Angular applications with efficient data flow mechanisms.

Understanding Component Interaction

In Angular applications, components are the building blocks of the user interface. They can be organized into a hierarchical structure where parent components encapsulate child components. It's common for these components to need to communicate with each other, passing data back and forth. While data sharing from parent-to-child components is relatively straightforward using input properties, sharing data from child-to-parent components requires a different approach.

Introduction of @Output Decorator

@Output Decorator

The @Output decorator is a feature of Angular that facilitates communication from child to parent components. It's used in combination with Angular's EventEmitter class to emit custom events from the child component. The parent component listens to these events and can react accordingly.

Step-by-Step Guide

Let's walk through a step-by-step guide on how to implement data sharing from child to parent components using @Output in Angular.

Step 1. Create the Child Component

First, create the child component.

ng generate component child

In the child component HTML file (child.component.html), include a button to trigger the data emission.

<button (click)="sendData()">Send Data</button>

In the child component TypeScript file (child.component.ts), import the necessary modules, and create an @Output property and an instance of EventEmitter to emit the data.

import { Component, EventEmitter, Output } from '@angular/core';

  selector: 'app-child',
  templateUrl: './child.component.html'
export class ChildComponent {
  @Output() dataEvent = new EventEmitter<string>();

  sendData() {
    this.dataEvent.emit('Hello from child!');

Step 2. Use the Child Component in the Parent

Now, use the child component in the parent component HTML file (parent.component.html).

<app-child (dataEvent)="receiveData($event)"></app-child>
<div>{{ receivedData }}</div>

In the parent component TypeScript file (parent.component.ts), define the method to handle the emitted event.

import { Component } from '@angular/core';

  selector: 'app-parent',
  templateUrl: './parent.component.html'
export class ParentComponent {
  receivedData: string = '';

  receiveData(data: string) {
    this.receivedData = data;


Angular's @Output decorator, in combination with EventEmitter, provides a powerful mechanism for sharing data from child to parent components. By emitting custom events from child components, you can enable effective communication and interaction between different parts of your application. This approach enhances the modularity and maintainability of your codebase by promoting a clear separation of concerns.

In Angular, this pattern remains a fundamental technique for component interaction. By mastering the art of sharing data using @Output, developers can build more dynamic and responsive user interfaces in their Angular applications.

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