Configure DHCP Scopes In Windows Server 2016

Configure DHCP Scopes In Windows Server 2016. After installing DHCP server role in Windows Server 2016, the first step in configuring DHCP would be creating scope. I will show you how to configure DHCP scope in step by step process.

Configure DHCP Scopes In Windows Server 2016 

 
After installing the DHCP server role in Windows Server 2016, the first step in configuring DHCP would be creating scope. I will show you how to configure the DHCP scope in step by step process.
 
Note
Read my previous article to learn the installation process of the DHCP server role.
 

Important Steps

 
The following are the 3 important steps in configuring DHCP scopes in Windows Server 2016.
  1. Create New Scope
  2. Configure Scope
  3. Activate Scope.
Once you have successfully installed the DHCP server role in Windows Server 2016 including all the required management tools, you can open Server Manager and go to —> Tools —> Click on “DHCP”.
 
Server Manager
Image: Server Manager
 
Once you click on “ DHCP “, You should be able to see the DCHP Server Manager ( See below ). Here, Ind-dns1 is my windows server 2016 name, and I’m configuring DHCP Scopes on this server. Well, if I expand this server, as we can see I have IPv4 and IPv6 ready to manage….well, I am not going to manage IPv6, I will only show you how to manage IPv4 in this article. As I mentioned above, the first step in configuring DHCP scopes is “Creating New Scope”
 
Creating a New Scope
  
DHCP Manager
Image: DHCP Manager
 
To Create New Scope, right-click on Server —> New Scope.
 
OR
 
Select Server —> Click on More Actions —> New Scope. ( See below screenshot )
 
Scope
 
Here, the scope is the range of the IP addresses assigned to computers requesting a dynamic IP address. We must create and configure a Scope before dynamic IP addresses can be assigned.
 
Creating Scope in DCHP Manager 
Image: Creating Scope in DCHP Manager
 
It will open the New Scope Wizard… Click —> Next
 
Configure Scope
 
New Scope Wizard
Image: New Scope Wizard
 
Scope Name
 
Provide a meaningful name to your scope to identify easily. I’ve given my DHCP scope name as “MyCompanyClients”.
 
New Scope Wizard
Image: New Scope Wizard to give Scope Name
 
After providing a description to your DHCP scope, you’ll see an IPAddress Range screen where you need to provide the Start and End IP address ( range of the scope ) and also the Subnet Mask and its length.
 
I specified the Start IP address: 10.4.77.220
 
and End IP address: 10.4.77.230. ( For my 10 client computers )
 
New Scope Wizard
Image: IPAddress Range
 
You can also specify the exclusions of the IP addresses….As you can see in the below screenshot, I want to exclude IP address 10.4.77.224 / 225 and 226 from this scope. So I entered the Start and End IP addresses in the Exclusions. These IP addresses are not going to be distributed by the DHCP server.
 
Once you Add Start and End IP addresses in this exclusions wizard. Click —> Add.
 
New Scope Wizard 
Image: IPAddress Exclusions Screen
 
Add Exclusions and Delay 
Image: Excluded IP address range
 
Now click —> Next to specify the Lease Duration ( Default lease duration is 8 Days ). I am not changing it,
 
Lease Duration
Image: Lease Duration
 
Note
 
Read my previous article “DHCP overview”, in case if you don’t know DHCP Lease generation and renew process]
 
Now click —> Next —> It will ask you to configure DHCP options, but I want to configure DHCP options later, so I click on “No” and —> Next.
 
Configure DHCP 
Image: Configure DHCP options
 
That’s it. We have successfully created a DHCP scope with IP address range and exclusions. Now you can see in the below screenshot, If I expand IPv4, I see the Scope I created ( “MyCompanyClients”).
 
DHCP Scope
Image: DHCP Scope.
 
If I expand this scope, I will see the IP address range that is ready for distribution and also the excluded IP address range. ( See below Screenshot ).
 
DHCP Scope and Address Pool 
Image: DHCP Scope and Address Pool
 
You may notice in the above screenshot, there’s blue tick mark on IPv4 and the red mark on Scope, which indicates our scope is just created but not activated…So we need to Activate the scope after creating it.
 
Activate Scope
 
To activate scope —> Right Click on Scope —> Activate.
 
Activate DHCP Scope
Image: Activate Scope
 
Once you activate the scope, you will not see the blue and red tick marks. That means the Scope has been activated successfully.