Create GitHub Repository And Add New/Existing Project Using GitHub Desktop

Easy Way To Create GitHub Repository And Add New Or Existing Project Using GitHub Desktop

Background

Software development is all about writing code and developing solutions following requirements and processes. Managing code becomes complex with time and multiple contributors. In the real scenario, multiple developers work on the same project and write code on a daily basis. Tracking changes and merging those codes are hassle and time-consuming without any proper tools or platforms. Another issue is rollback which is not possible without using any version control tools. When it comes to writing code, source code management is another important factor to consider. Source code management is not only just storing the code safely but also tracking the changes, resolving the conflicts, and merging from multiple contributors.

There are several tools and platforms available for source code management with exclusive features.

In this article, I will elaborate on GitHub, one of the most used, cloud-based open-source communities to manage your source code plus extensive features with git repositories. In this article, I will cover the following points.

  • What is Git
  • What is GitHub
  • What is GitHub Desktop
  • Installation and Authentication of GitHub desktop
  • How to create a Git repository
  • Add a new project to the repository
  • Add an existing project to the repository
  • Make and commit changes to the project

In this article, I will explain Git, GitHub, and GitHub desktop. Furthermore, I will be doing hands-on by creating a git repository, adding a project, doing the changes, and commit using GUI GitHub desktop without any command.

What is Git

Git is a version control system for managing the source code which keeps the track of it with many options. Basically, it is software to track the changes of files mostly used for coders to work collaboratively and source code management during the software development.

As per Git-SCM (https://git-scm.com/)

Git is a free and open-source distributed version control system designed to handle everything from small to very large projects with speed and efficiency.

Git is easy to learn and has a tiny footprint with lightning-fast performance. It outclasses SCM tools like Subversion, CVS, Perforce, and ClearCase with features like cheap local branching, convenient staging areas, and multiple workflows.

If you want to go in depth of Git, please check the link below,

https://git-scm.com/book/en/v2

What is GitHub

In simple terms, GitHub is the single largest cloud-based hosting service for managing git repositories which offer a wide range of functionality for source code management and version control as well as its own features. The best thing about GitHub is that it is completely free. You can create private as well public repositories with GitHub without any cost with some conditions. It is widely used to host open-source projects. As of now, GitHub's free plan allows the creation of unlimited private repositories with unlimited collaborators, however, there is a restriction of Git Actions up to 2000 minutes for those private repositories per month.

Along with Git, GitHub provides its own features like bug tracking, task management, code review, continuous integration/continuous deployment, likewise other features which make this platform more useful and interactive professionally.

You can explore more on GitHub from this link: https://docs.github.com/en

What is GitHub Desktop

GitHub Desktop is an application that enables GUI-based interaction with GitHub. Git provides a wide range of commands for Git activities like creating repositories, commits, pull requests, and so on. However, GitHub desktop provides GUI-based those activities using best practices with Git and GitHub. We can use GitHub desktop to do most of the Git commands with UI and clicks which makes collaboration and working with Git more flexible. You can connect to your account, create git repositories, add projects, do the changes, and commit easily with the interface. I will be doing hands-on with the GitHub desk in this article.

Know more about GitHub desktop: https://docs.github.com/en/desktop/installing-and-configuring-github-desktop/overview/getting-started-with-github-desktop

GitHub Desktop is available for both Windows and macOS.

Link to download GitHub desktop: https://desktop.github.com/

Installation and Authentication of GitHub desktop

This is straightforward. We can download the setup file from the above link. We can install GitHub desktop in Windows 7 64 bit or later and macOS 10.10 r later.

Step 1

Download the package based on your OS. I will demonstrate with the Windows version.

Easy Way To Create GitHub Repository And Add New Or Existing Project Using GitHub Desktop

Step 2

Double click the downloaded setup file and continue the setup.

Once the setup is completed, the GitHub desktop will launch.

You can authentication securely with your account and access the resources from the GitHub desktop.

Open GitHub Desktop.

Easy Way To Create GitHub Repository And Add New Or Existing Project Using GitHub Desktop

Click File and Options as shown above.

Easy Way To Create GitHub Repository And Add New Or Existing Project Using GitHub Desktop

How to Create a Git Repository in GitHub

In this section, we will create a new Git repository in GitHub using GitHub desktop.

Click File in GitHub desktop as portrayed

Easy Way To Create GitHub Repository And Add New Or Existing Project Using GitHub Desktop

We will get an option to create a new repository which is shown. Additionally, there are other options like adding a local repository, clone repository.

We will select New Repository.

Then we will get the following options for creating a Git repository.

Easy Way To Create GitHub Repository And Add New Or Existing Project Using GitHub Desktop

We will enter the following data,

Name: Name of Git Repository. In my case name is Demo-GitHub

Description: We can small description of this repository as shown

Local Path: We need to choose a local path for this repository where the actual project will be stored locally.

Initialize this repository with a README: this is an option to add a readme file. I recommend adding this file for every project as we can have details of the project, changes, versions as so on.

Git ignore: This option will add ignore to this repository. You can choose the file type which you want to ignore as shown.

Easy Way To Create GitHub Repository And Add New Or Existing Project Using GitHub Desktop

License: You can choose a license for this repository. I will be choosing the MIT license.

Easy Way To Create GitHub Repository And Add New Or Existing Project Using GitHub Desktop

After entering those values, we will click create a repository.

Once you click the create repository, we will our GitHub desktop as shown.

Easy Way To Create GitHub Repository And Add New Or Existing Project Using GitHub Desktop

We can observe the following things from the UI.

  • Current repository as Demo-GitHub
  • Current Branch – Main
  • Commit option
  • Publish your repository to GitHub.

We will initiate with publish repository by click on it as shown.

Easy Way To Create GitHub Repository And Add New Or Existing Project Using GitHub Desktop

After clicking on the Publish repository, we will get the following options as depicted.

Easy Way To Create GitHub Repository And Add New Or Existing Project Using GitHub Desktop

We will have an option to choose GitHub.com or Enterprise. Here, we are using a free one, GitHub.com. We will provide the following data.

  • Name: This will be the name of the Git repository in GitHub.com
  • Description
  • Keep this code private: A checkbox is to make this Git repository private or public. I will be keeping this repository public; therefore, I will uncheck this.

Once we click Publish repository, finally, the repository is created in GitHub as shown,

Easy Way To Create GitHub Repository And Add New Or Existing Project Using GitHub Desktop

We have successfully created a Git repository in GitHub using GitHub desktop. This is how we create a Git repository in GitHub using GitHub desktop application without writing any command.

Add a new or existing project in the repository

This is also straightforward. We can create a new project or add an existing project to our local repository location as shown,

Easy Way To Create GitHub Repository And Add New Or Existing Project Using GitHub Desktop

Then local repository folder will be opened.

Easy Way To Create GitHub Repository And Add New Or Existing Project Using GitHub Desktop

In this regard, I will create a new project in the same location, we can add the project to the GitHub repository. Let us create an asp.net core project in visual studio as shown.

Easy Way To Create GitHub Repository And Add New Or Existing Project Using GitHub Desktop

I will use the same local repository location and check the option to Place the solution and project in the same directory.

Easy Way To Create GitHub Repository And Add New Or Existing Project Using GitHub Desktop

We have successfully created a demo project.

Easy Way To Create GitHub Repository And Add New Or Existing Project Using GitHub Desktop

Once the project is created successfully, we go back to GitHub Desktop. We will find all the files of the above project in the changes list of GitHub desktop as illustrated.

Easy Way To Create GitHub Repository And Add New Or Existing Project Using GitHub Desktop

Now we can add a comment for the changes and click commit.

Easy Way To Create GitHub Repository And Add New Or Existing Project Using GitHub Desktop

I will commit this as it is. However, if you want you can uncheck files or folders which you are willing to discard the changes.

After commit, we will see the below screen to push the commits to the origin remote.

Easy Way To Create GitHub Repository And Add New Or Existing Project Using GitHub Desktop

We can see that 1 commit is waiting to be pushed to GitHub. Up to now, we have committed the changes to the local repository only.

Next, we will click the Push Origin to push the project to GitHub Online. Right after clicking, the GitHub desktop will start pushing to the origin, GitHub.

Easy Way To Create GitHub Repository And Add New Or Existing Project Using GitHub Desktop

Finally, we have added the project to GitHub and committed. We can see the project on the GitHub site as shown.

Easy Way To Create GitHub Repository And Add New Or Existing Project Using GitHub Desktop

Cheers! We have successfully created a Git repository and added a project to the Git in GitHub using GitHub desktop. Here, we have used GUI based GitHub desktop for Git Actions without any command.

Similarly, we can add existing projects to the Git repository in GitHub as I have done for the new project. We can copy and paste the existing project to that location and check the changes in GitHub desktop.

Make and commit changes to the project

Next, we will do some changes in the project files and commit the changes using GitHub Desktop. I will simply modify the index page of the project, then we will see the changes in GitHub desktop. Instantly, we will see the changes list in GitHub desktop as shown.

Easy Way To Create GitHub Repository And Add New Or Existing Project Using GitHub Desktop

GitHub desktop is so intelligent that it indicates the changes as well. Isn’t it amazing?

Next, we will push to the origin.

Easy Way To Create GitHub Repository And Add New Or Existing Project Using GitHub Desktop

We will push the changes to GitHub and check in GitHub.com.

Easy Way To Create GitHub Repository And Add New Or Existing Project Using GitHub Desktop

The changes are committed to the repository in GitHub.

This is how we can promptly commit those changes into GitHub.com using GitHub desktop.

Conclusion

In this article, I have explained source code management and version control. I have also elucidated about Git which is a software for distributed version control, and GitHub which is a cloud-based hosting service for managing Git repositories. Furthermore, I have described GitHub desktop which is a GUI-based interaction with GitHub for Git Actions. Additionally, I have shown installation and authentication steps. Additionally, I have created a Git repository, added a new project in GitHub using GitHub desktop without any command. Finally, I have made some changes and committed to the Git repository in GitHub. I have performed all those actions using GitHub desktop without any command.