Creating Text and Text Area Field Data Types in Salesforce Object

Introduction

 
Salesforce CRM can give many data type fields to get a difference of information from users and store in our org. Text and Text area data type field is most commonly used in salesforce org to store a combination of letters and numbers.
 
Salesforce has five different text data type fields:
 
 Data Type  Description
Text Allows user to any combination of letters and numbers 
Text area   Enter up to 255 characters on separate lines 
Text area (Long)  
Allows user to enter up to 131,702 character 
Text area (Rich) Allows the user to format text, add images and hyperlinks up to 131,072 characters 
Text area (Encrypted) Allows the user to enter any combination of letters and numbers to store then in Encrypted form 
 
In this article, we are planning to create five types of fields in salesforce objects. The following are the field names and their data types
 
 Field Name  Data Type
 Author name Text 
 Author small bio Text area 
 Author long bio Text area (Long)  
 Author simple blog Text area (Rich) 
 Mobile number Text area (Encrypted) 
 
We will create five different types of text fields in a Salesforce object.
 
Prerequisites
  • Before starting this process, you must sign up on the Salesforce Trailhead lightning platform. Click here to sign up
First, create the text data type fields step by step:
  1. Creating A Text Data Type Field
  2. Creating A Text Area Data Type Field
  3. Creating A Text Area (Long) Data Type Field
  4. Creating A Text Data (Rich) Type Field
  5. Creating A Text Data (Encrypted) Type Field

Creating A Text Data Type Field

 
Step 1
 
Login to trailhead and Launch “trailhead playground” or “Developer Edition”
 
Step 2
 
Click the “Gear” icon and then click the “Setup” option.
 
Creating Text And Text Area Field Data Types In Salesforce Object
 
Step 3
 
On the setup page, click the “Object Manager” at the top of the page.
 
Creating Text And Text Area Field Data Types In Salesforce Object
 
Step 4
 
Refer to my previous article, how to create a custom object in the Salesforce lightning platform.
 
In the object manager page, scroll down and click the created our custom object name from the object list.
 
Creating Text And Text Area Field Data Types In Salesforce Object
 
Step 5
 
In our created custom object page, click the “Fields & Relationship” option from the left side pane.
 
Creating Text And Text Area Field Data Types In Salesforce Object
 
Step 6
 
Next, in fields and relationship page our predefined fields are listed. Now we are creating a new Text field from the data type by clicking the “New” button.
 
Creating Text And Text Area Field Data Types In Salesforce Object
 
Step 7
 
On the next page, many data types are listed on the page. Select the “text” data type radio button and then click the “Next” button.
 
Creating Text And Text Area Field Data Types In Salesforce Object
 
Step 8
 
In the details page, enter all the required fields and then click the “Next” button.
 
Creating Text And Text Area Field Data Types In Salesforce Object
 
Step 9
 
Leave that field-level security page click the “Next” button. Next, on the Add to layout page click the “Save & New” button.
 
Creating Text And Text Area Field Data Types In Salesforce Object
 
We successfully created a text data type field in the salesforce object.
 

Creating A Text Area Data Type Field

 
Step 1
 
After clicking the “Save & New” button, we are automatically forwarded to the “New Custom field” page.
 
Select the “Text Area” data type radio button and then click the “Next” button.
 
Creating Text And Text Area Field Data Types In Salesforce Object
 
Step 2
 
Enter the details in all required fields and then click the “Next” button.
 
Creating Text And Text Area Field Data Types In Salesforce Object
 
Step 3
 
Click the “Next” button in the field level security page. Next on the Add to layout page click the “Save & New” button.
 
Creating Text And Text Area Field Data Types In Salesforce Object
 
We successfully created a text area data type field in the Salesforce object.
 

Creating A Text Area (Long) Data Type Field

 
Step 1
 
After clicking the “Save & New” button, we are automatically forwarded to the “New Custom field” page.
 
Select the “Text Area (Long)” data type radio button and then click the “Next” button
.
Creating Text And Text Area Field Data Types In Salesforce Object
 
Step 2
 
Enter the details in all required fields and then click the “Next” button.
 
Creating Text And Text Area Field Data Types In Salesforce Object
 
Step 3
 
Next, on the field level security page check if the “Visible” checkbox is checked and then click the “Next” button.
 
Creating Text And Text Area Field Data Types In Salesforce Object
 
Step 4
 
On the Add to layout page, click the “Save & New” button.
 
Creating Text And Text Area Field Data Types In Salesforce Object
 
We successfully created a text area (Long) data type field in the salesforce object.
 

Creating A Text Area (Rich) Data Type Field

 
Step 1
 
After clicking the “Save & New” button, we are automatically forwarded to the “New Custom field” page.
 
Select the “Text Area (Rich)” data type radio button and then click the “Next” button.
 
Creating Text And Text Area Field Data Types In Salesforce Object
 
Step 2
 
Enter the details in all required fields and then click the “Next” button.
 
Creating Text And Text Area Field Data Types In Salesforce Object
 
Step 3
 
Next, on the field level security page check if the “Visible” checkbox is checked and then click the “Next” button.
 
Creating Text And Text Area Field Data Types In Salesforce Object
 
Step 4
 
Next on the Add to layout page, click the “Save & New” button.
 
Creating Text And Text Area Field Data Types In Salesforce Object
 
We successfully created a text area (Rich) data type field in the salesforce object.
 

Creating A Text Area (Encrypted) Data Type Field

 
Step 1
 
After clicking the “Save & New” button, we are automatically forwarded to the “New Custom field” page.
 
Select the “Text Area (Rich)” data type radio button and then click the “Next” button.
 
Creating Text And Text Area Field Data Types In Salesforce Object
 
Step 2
 
Enter the field name and length for that field.
 
Creating Text And Text Area Field Data Types In Salesforce Object
 
Next select mask type and mask character for your need, then click the “Next” button.
 
Creating Text And Text Area Field Data Types In Salesforce Object
 
Step 3
 
Click the “Next” button on the field level security page. Next on the Add to page layout page click the “Save” button.
 
Creating Text And Text Area Field Data Types In Salesforce Object
 
We successfully created five different text data type fields in the salesforce object.
 

Test Our Created Our Text Data Type Fields

 
Step 1
 
Click the “App launcher” icon at the top left corner on the page, then click the “View all” option.
 
Creating Text And Text Area Field Data Types In Salesforce Object
 
Step 2
 
The app launcher pop-up window will be opened, search our created object name in the search box and then click the object name.
 
Creating Text And Text Area Field Data Types In Salesforce Object
 
Step 3
 
Our object page will be opened, click the “New” button.
 
Creating Text And Text Area Field Data Types In Salesforce Object
 
Step 4
 
In the pop-up window, our created all text fields are shown. Now we use that field one by one.
 
First, we will use text data type field
 
Creating Text And Text Area Field Data Types In Salesforce Object
 
Next, scroll down and use text area, text area long and text area rich fields.
 
Creating Text And Text Area Field Data Types In Salesforce Object
 
Scroll down and use the text area encrypted data type field and then click the “Save” button to store all the given data.
 
Creating Text And Text Area Field Data Types In Salesforce Object
 

Summary

 
Finally, we created five different text fields and successfully tested those data types in salesforce org.
 
Our given information will be saved and an encrypted field can encrypt the given data.
 
Creating Text And Text Area Field Data Types In Salesforce Object