Error Management in .NET Core

In software development, dealing with mistakes is really important. Whether it's a small problem or a big one, how a program handles mistakes can really affect how well it works for users. In the .NET Core world, there's a cool way to handle errors called global exception handling using custom middleware. It's like having a superhero for your code that catches errors and deals with them in one central place, making your program stronger and more reliable.

Understanding Global Exception Handling

Normally, when we write code in .NET Core, we put special guards around parts that might have problems using try-catch blocks. But doing this everywhere can make our code messy and repetitive. Global exception handling solves this by creating a central system that catches errors no matter where they happen.

Custom Middleware

Middleware is a fancy term in .NET Core for a way to handle requests and responses in a web application. Custom middleware takes this idea further. It lets us add our own special code to the process, like having extra helpers to deal with errors. This helps keep our code organized and easy to understand.

Implementing Custom Exception Middleware

To set up global exception handling using custom middleware in .NET Core, you need to follow these steps.

1. Create Custom Middleware: Make a special piece of code (middleware) that catches errors in the application.

public class ExceptionMiddleware
    private readonly RequestDelegate _next;

    public ExceptionMiddleware(RequestDelegate next)
        _next = next;

    public async Task InvokeAsync(HttpContext context)
            await _next(context);
        catch (Exception ex)
            // Here we handle the error
            await HandleExceptionAsync(context, ex);

    private async Task HandleExceptionAsync(HttpContext context, Exception ex)
        // Handle the error and let the user know
        // Respond with a message saying something went wrong
        context.Response.ContentType = "application/json";
        context.Response.StatusCode = (int)HttpStatusCode.InternalServerError;
        await context.Response.WriteAsync("An unexpected error occurred.");

2. Register Middleware: Tell the application to use our special middleware to handle errors.

public void Configure(IApplicationBuilder app)
    // More configurations can go here...

Benefits of Custom Exception Middleware

Using global exception handling with custom middleware in .NET Core has some great advantages.

Centralized Error Handling

All error handling is done in one place, making it easier to manage and understand the code. Consistent Error Responses: Make sure that when something goes wrong, the user gets the same kind of message every time, which helps them and us figure out what's happening. Stronger Applications: By dealing with errors gracefully, our applications become more reliable and can handle problems without crashing.


Global exception handling with custom middleware in .NET Core is like having a superpower for your code. It makes managing errors easier, keeps responses consistent, and makes your applications stronger and more reliable. Using this approach helps developers build better software that gives users a great experience.

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