History of Python

Python is one of the most popular programming languages. This article talks about the history of Python and its growth.

Python

 
Python is the most popular programming language among all. Millions of software developer use Python. Learn here, The Most Popular Programming Languages In the World. The main reason of the rise of Python is the need of data science and machine learning in recent years. 
 
This article is an overview of Python with its history. 
 
Data Science, Machine Learning, Artificial Intelligence-AI and IOT are some of the computing fields where Python is widely used. There are many popular web applications like YouTube, Quora, Google, Mozilla firefox that are written in Python. 
 

Python Journey from 1991 to Present

 
Python is high-level programming language for general use. It was invented by Guido van Rossum in 1991, and developed at Python Software Foundation. Compared to other programming languages python is easy to read and understandable. It was finally launched in 1991, at that time it had provide classes with inheritance, wide range of datatypes, exception handling methods and functions with more than enough capacity and it is completely user friendly.
 
Python has vast varieties of versions list history from 1991till March 2019.
 
Let’s have a quick look,
  • Python 1.0: Jan 1994
  • Python 1.5: Dec 1997
  • Python 1.6: Sep 2000
  • Python 2.0: Oct 2000
  • Python 2.1: Apr 2001
  • Python 2.2: Dec 2001
  • Python 2.3: Jul 2003
  • Python 2.4: Nov 2004
  • Python 2.5: Sep 2006
  • Python 2.6: Oct 2008
  • Python 3.0: Dec 2008
  • Python 3.1: Jun 2009
  • Python 2.7: Jul 2010
  • Python 3.2: Feb 2011
  • Python 3.3: Sep 2012
  • Python 3.4: Mar 2014
  • Python 3.5: Sep 2015
  • Python3.6: Dec 2016
  • Python 3.7: Jun 2018
  • Python 3.7.3: Mar 2019
  • Python 2.x and Python 3.x are most common versions. From these Python 3.7.3 is latest version.
Python became an inspiration for many programming languages like Ruby, Julia, Boo, CoffeeScript, Groovy, ECMAScript, Swift, Boo, GO etc.
 
Not only these but also just because the various purposes of Python like elegance and simplicity, developing and scripting and software testing.
 
Top technology organizations: Google, HP-Hewlett-Packard, IBM, Mozilla, Cisco, Quora, DropBox and many more have implemented Python to their systems.
 

About Python

  • Python is totally straight forward language for syntax. It can be your first programming language.
  • Python is an Object Oriented Language like C,C++; where every variable considered as an Object.
  • Python is Case Sensitive Language.
  • Python can be dynamically typed, means user don’t need to define the Datatype while declaring the variable
  • Curly braces are omitted with indentations (White Space). It improves the code readability.
  • Python code doesn’t need datatype declaration because it’s run by the interpreter, so it’s also called as interpreted language.

Features of Python

  • Code readability is quite good for the end user while there is number of lines; it’s understandable to anyone.
  • Automatic memory management: there is no need release the garbage blocks, like C language.
  • There is no need to declare any datatype.
  • Python has large library where in-built functions and modules helps the new user.
  • Structural, Procedural, Object Oriented etc paradigms can be used with its programming. So, we can called it as the Multi-Paradigms Programming Language.
  • With help of Python Interactive: Python Shell; user can easily check Python commands.
  • Python is Platform Independent it means user can work on Python on different Operating Systems.

Reasons of Python Language's Demand in Techworld:

The mainly two terms are responsible to increases it's demand: Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence. As we know, if we are beginner or an expert, we eagerly want to get learn about these upcoming trends of technology. Apart from these there are few major points also involved in the demand list of Python:
  • Vast Community: It's the cutting-edge trending Programming Language. It can be your first programming language.
  • Data Science: PyBrain,PyMYSQL, NumPy are example of data science framework to make Python language scalable and easier.
  • Machine Learning: e.g. Google's Search and Uber are completely running on algorithms.
  • Simplicity and Web development : e.g. YouTube, NetFlix, Instagram, Spotify, Google, Facebook etc. Python codes are robust and versatile.
  • Libraries and Framework: Python frameworks are secured and fast. e.g.: Flask and Django
  • Multipurpose: There is no use of any Database to fetch data, Python has in-built syntax for all types of Databases. e.g. Python API PySpark and NLTK: for Natural Language Processing
  • Jobs, Salary, and Growth: highly paid jobs opportunities in Data Science, AI, Machine Learning and Web Development

In Python Library what are the major listings available?

  • Automation
  • Databases
  • Documentation
  • Graphical User Interfaces
  • Image Processing
  • IOT: Internet of Things
  • Multimedia
  • Networking
  • Scientific Computing
  • System Administration
  • Test Frameworks
  • Text Processing

Summary

 
In this article we learnt about the Python for the beginners or for the Professionals as well as the history, the core of the Python, Purposes and features at the basic level. For learning purposes we will go through the latest version of Python 3, which includes all the new features and it is user friendly rather than previous versions. In fact you don’t need to check about the earlier versions.
 

References

 
https://www.geeksforgeeks.org/history-of-python/