Hosting .NET Core Web API images With Docker Compose over HTTPS

We are going to discuss here SSL Certificate configuration for secure communication over the HTTPS using .NET Core Web API and Docker after running our application inside the docker container using docker-compose.

Agenda

  • Introduction
  • Implementation of .NET Core Web API Application
  • Generate a certificate for secure communication
  • Containerization of application

Prerequisites

  • Visual Studio 2022
  • Docker Desktop
  • .NET Core 6 SDK

Introduction

  • HTTPS is a standard internet protocol that makes the data to be encrypted and a more advanced and secure version of the HTTP protocol.
  • SSL stands for Secure Sockets Layer and standard technology which keeps secure our application over the internet.
  • SSL is the part of HTTPS protocol and it takes care of the encryption of data.
  • It enables a secure connection and prevents hacker attacks because of its encryption algorithm and many security layers.

Implementation of .NET Core Web API Application

Step 1

Create a new .NET Core Web API application

Hosting .NET Core Web API images with Docker Compose over HTTPS

Step 2

Configure your application

Hosting .NET Core Web API images with Docker Compose over HTTPS

Step 3

Provide additional information

Hosting .NET Core Web API images with Docker Compose over HTTPS

Step 4

  • Next, we create a certificate for the local machine using the following command
    dotnet dev-certs https -ep %USERPROFILE%\.aspnet\https\dockerdemo.pfx -p Pass@*****
    
    dotnet dev-certs https --trust
  • Here as you can see, we pass the certificate name and password in the above command and it will create the certificate at %USERPROFILE%\.aspnet\https this location

Hosting .NET Core Web API images with Docker Compose over HTTPS

Step 5

Create a Docker file for our Weather Forecast application

FROM mcr.microsoft.com/dotnet/sdk:6.0 AS build
WORKDIR /app

EXPOSE 443
EXPOSE 80 

# copy project csproj file and restore it in docker directory
COPY ./*.csproj ./
RUN dotnet restore

# Copy everything into the docker directory and build
COPY . .
RUN dotnet publish -c Release -o out

# Build runtime final image
FROM mcr.microsoft.com/dotnet/aspnet:6.0
WORKDIR /app
COPY --from=build /app/out .
ENTRYPOINT ["dotnet", "HTTPSCertDemo.dll"]

Step 6

  • Here using this command, you can create a docker image inside the docker desktop (Note: Make sure docker desktop is working fine on your machine)
    docker build . -t ssldemo:v1
  • Next, we run our application after setting port and certificate details using docker volume.
    docker run -p 8081:80 -p 8082:443 -e ASPNETCORE_URLS="https://+;http://+" -e ASPNETCORE_HTTPS_PORT=7001 -e ASPNETCORE_Kestrel__Certificates__Default__Password="Pass@*****" -e ASPNETCORE_Kestrel__Certificates__Default__Path=/https/dockerdemo.pfx -v %USERPROFILE%\.aspnet\https:/https/ ssldemo:v1
  • Here you can see we provide two ports one is for HTTPS and another one is for HTTPS, also some environmental variables like port, certificate path, and credentials along with docker volume (Note: docker volume is basically the shared directory which persists the data with docker container which is created by the user like in this case we create a certificate and it located at our local system)

Step 7

  • Also, if we want to manage multiple docker images and their configuration efficiently, in that case, we can use the docker-compose file for managing all our application dynamic settings which we required when the application image is running inside the docker container for that we are going to create a docker-compose YAML file for the application
    version: '3.5'
    services:
      Weatherforecase.Service:
       image: ${DOCKER_REGISTRY-}ssldemo:v1
       build:
        context: ./HTTPSCertDemo
        dockerfile: Dockerfile
       environment: 
        - ASPNETCORE_ENVIRONMENT=Development
        - ASPNETCORE_URLS=https://+:443;http://+:80
        - ASPNETCORE_Kestrel__Certificates__Default__Password=Pass@*****
        - ASPNETCORE_Kestrel__Certificates__Default__Path=/https/dockerdemo.pfx
       ports:
        - "8081:80"
        - "8082:443"
       volumes:
        - ~/.aspnet/https:/https:ro
  • Here, you can see we provide different parameters with the help of environmental variables like docker image name, container name, certificate details, docker volume, and application port numbers
  • To run your application using the docker-compose YAML file for that use the following commands
    docker-compose build
    
    docker-compose up
  • Here one command is going to build and create a docker image inside the docker desktop and another one runs your application image inside the docker container and configure all dynamic settings which you passed inside the YAML file.

Step 8

Next, in the docker desktop, you can see the application is running inside the docker container

Hosting .NET Core Web API images with Docker Compose over HTTPS

Also, inside the visual studio, we can see the details of containers as shown in the below images

Hosting .NET Core Web API images with Docker Compose over HTTPS

Hosting .NET Core Web API images with Docker Compose over HTTPS

Hosting .NET Core Web API images with Docker Compose over HTTPS

Step 9

Finally, open both application URLs and use the application

http://localhost:8081/swagger/index.html

Hosting .NET Core Web API images with Docker Compose over HTTPS

https://localhost:8082/swagger/index.html

Hosting .NET Core Web API images with Docker Compose over HTTPS

GitHub URL

https://github.com/Jaydeep-007/HTTPSCertDemo.git

Conclusion

In the article, we discussed HTTPS and how to enable that when we run applications inside the docker container using both ways, firstly using the docker command and secondly using the docker-compose file with the help of the .NET Core Weather forecast application.

Happy Learning!

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