How Can We Do Snapshot Testing with Jest


Snapshot testing with Jest ensures your React components stay consistent across different renders. It captures a snapshot of how your component looks and checks it against a saved reference. This method simplifies testing by automatically finding unexpected UI changes, helping you maintain good code quality and catch problems early.

What is Snapshot Testing?

Snapshot testing captures what your component or code produces during a test and saves it to a file. When you run tests again, Jest compares this output to the saved snapshot. If there are differences, Jest notifies you so you can review and update the snapshot if needed.

Why Use Snapshot Testing?

  • Detects Changes Automatically: Quickly spots unintended UI changes.
  • Simplifies Testing: Sets a standard for expected UI without writing lots of checks.
  • Saves Time: Reduces the effort of manually checking UI changes, especially in big projects.

How to Implement Snapshot Testing with Jest

  1. Setting Up Jest: Install Jest in your project (npm install --save-dev jest).
  2. Writing Snapshot Tests.

Use Jest's toMatchSnapshot() matcher for React components to create snapshots.


import React from 'react';
import renderer from 'react-test-renderer';
import MyComponent from './MyComponent';
test('renders correctly', () => {
  const tree = renderer.create(<MyComponent />).toJSON();

Running Snapshot Tests

  • Use Jest's watch mode (npm test -- --watch) to update snapshots interactively.
  • Run all tests, including snapshots, with the npm test.

Updating Snapshots

  • Update snapshots after intentional UI changes by running Jest with --updateSnapshot or during watch mode.

Best Practices

  • Focus snapshot testing on stable components with consistent UI and behavior.
  • Avoid excessive snapshots to maintain test efficiency.
  • Regularly review and update snapshots to reflect intentional UI changes.


Snapshot testing with Jest ensures consistent UI in React apps by capturing and comparing component renders. It detects issues early, maintains code quality efficiently, and enhances the reliability of React components when integrated into your testing strategy.