## Introduction of Aggregate function

Aggregate functions perform calculations on groups of rows in a database and return a single result. They are commonly used in MySQL to summarize data and calculate statistics. Here are some commonly used aggregate functions in MySQL.

## Types of Aggregate Functions and their uses

Here are some commonly used aggregate functions.

### Count() function in MySQL

Returns the number of rows that match a condition. You can use COUNT(*) to count all rows or COUNT(column_name) to count the number of non-null values in a column. It will return 0 if it does not find any record. The syntax for using the `COUNT()`

the function is as follows-

`SELECT COUNT(column_name) FROM table_name WHERE condition`

Here, column_name is the column name in the table that you want to count the number of rows for. If you want to count all the rows in the table, you can use an asterisk (*) instead of a column name.** For example,** if you want to count the number of rows in a table called users, you can use the following SQL query.

`SELECT COUNT(*) FROM users;`

### Sum() function in MySQL

Returns the sum of values in a column. You can use SUM(column_name) to sum the values in a specific column. The syntax for using the SUM() function is as follows-

`SELECT SUM(column_name) FROM table_name WHERE condition;`

**For example**, if you want to add the values in a price column in a table called products, you can use the following SQL query.

`SELECT SUM(price) FROM products;`

### Avg() function in MySQL

Returns the average of values in a column. You can use AVG(column_name) to calculate the average values in a specific column. The syntax for using the AVG() function is as follows-

`SELECT AVG(column_name) FROM table_name WHERE condition;`

**For example,** if you want to calculate the average price of products in a table called products, you can use the following SQL query.

`SELECT AVG(price) FROM products;`

### Min() function in MySQL

Returns the minimum value in a column. You can use MIN(column_name) to find the minimum value in a specific column. The syntax for using the MIN() function is as follows-

```
SELECT MIN(column_name) FROM table_name WHERE condition;
```

**For example**, if you want to find the minimum price of products in a table called `products`

, you can use the following SQL query.

`SELECT MIN(price) FROM products;`

### Max() function in MySQL

Returns the maximum value in a column. You can use MAX(column_name) to find the maximum value in a specific column. The syntax for using the MAX() function is as follows-

`SELECT MAX(column_name) FROM table_name WHERE condition`

**For example**, if you want to find the maximum price of products in a table called `products`

, you can use the following SQL query

`SELECT MAX(price) FROM products;`

## Summary

Aggregate functions are essential in data analysis and reporting, as they allow you to quickly and easily summarize large amounts of data. They are also useful in data validation and quality control, as they can help to identify data outliers and anomalies. Overall, aggregate functions are a powerful tool for working with data in MySQL, and a good understanding of these functions is essential for anyone working with databases.