How to Use Remix IDE to Create and Deploy Smart Contracts?


Blockchain is an immutable ledger that facilitates the process of recording transactions and tracking assets in a business network, and Smart contracts are a cornerstone of this innovation. They're like the superstars of blockchain technology. Smart contracts are self-executing contracts with predefined rules and conditions. They run on blockchain networks, ensuring transparency, security, and trust without the need for intermediaries. They automate the agreements, cutting out the middleman and ensuring trust in transactions. To harness the potential of smart contracts, you need a reliable development environment. Remix IDE, which is a web-based integrated development environment tailored for smart contract development, empowers developers with a variety of tools for writing, testing, and deploying smart contracts seamlessly.

In this article, we'll walk you through the process of using Remix IDE together to create, test, and deploy our smart contracts. It would be a fun journey, so without any delay, let us start our journey and discover the amazing possibilities concealed within Remix IDE.

Remix Cover Photo

Getting Started with Remix IDE

Alright, let's get you set up with our Remix IDE so you can start with the writing and deployment of smart contracts. Remix is a web-based application, so to use it, all we need is an internet connection and access to a web browser. To access Remix IDE, open up your preferred web browser and search Remix IDE in the search search box. You will see a website with a URL like Navigate to that site. Open it up, and here you will find your Remix IDE.

Welcome to Remix

Take a moment to get yourself familiarised with the Remix IDE interface. It is divided into different panels like File Explorer, Editor, Terminal, etc.

Remix IDE Basic Overview

After navigating to the Remix home page and getting able to access your Remix IDE, you will shown a lot of buttons and features presented by the Remix IDE. Some of them are,

  1. File Explorer: This section displays all the folders and files present in the IDE. It is possible to create new folders and files using the Add button provided in the interface. It also allows us to Publish all files to GitHub along with uploading files and folders from your personal computer to the IDE.
  2. Editor: It is the area that allows us to write and update or edit our smart contract according to our needs. It is the black area that is displayed when we create a new file. To open up the editor area, create a new file and add the .sol extension at the end of its name. The editor comes with added features like code highlighting, auto-completion of code, and error highlighting, which makes writing smart contracts more easy and fun.
  3. Compiler: It is the section where the compiler version and compiler-related information are present, which helps us to compile our solidity code successfully, which can be afterward deployed to any mainnet or any testnet. You will find the solidity compiler in the left navigation pane of the IDLE.
  4. Deploy & Run: This section is found just below the solidity compiler, and it helps to deploy the smart contract to various test nets and main nets after a successful compilation. Remix also has its testing network where we can test our smart contracts as much as we want without jeopardizing our real money.

Creating your First Smart Contract

Now after getting familiarized with the Remix IDE, it's time to create and write our very own first smart contract. In this tutorial, we will be creating a simple "Hello World" smart contract where we will be creating a function to print the message. This tutorial will help you understand how smart contracts are created, compiled, and deployed on Remix. Using this knowledge, you will be able to deploy any type of contract using Remix. 

Opening a new file

On the file explorer panel on the left, click on the contracts folder. Now to create a new file inside the contracts folder, click on the Create New File button. Name the file with something like Greetings.sol.

File Explorar(Greeting.sol)

Writing your smart contract code

After you create a file, you will get to see the editor panel. Inside the editor's panel start writing the basic structure of the smart contract along with its state variables and functions. Here you can use the below code to work on.

// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT
pragma solidity ^0.8.0; // Version of the Solidity compiler this code will use

// Contract definition
contract Greetings{
    // State variable
    string greeting;

    // Constructor
    constructor() {
        greeting = "Hello, World!";

    // Function to get the greeting
    function getGreeting() public view returns (string memory) {
        return greeting;


This is a basic smart contract where we have used a single state variable and a function to retrieve the value of that variable. Let's break down the code for more simpler understanding.

  • SPDX-License-Identifier: It defines the license version that is used for the contract. Since all the contract codes are open source, it is advisable to have a license version. This prevents legal complications regarding copyright. You can read more about the license from its official site.
  • pragma solidity ^0.8.0: This sets the version of the solidity compiler that is to be used in the smart contract. This line tells the solidity compiler to use solidity version 0.8.0 or greater to compile the above solidity code.
  • contract Greetings {...}: This is where the contract code is defined. Just as class is used in Java programming, we use contract in solidity programming.
  • string greeting: This is how a variable is declared in solidity. In solidity, the variables are called state variables as they decide the state of the contract. In the above code, the greeting variable is used to store the greeting message.
  • constructor() {...}: This is a special function that runs once during the time of contract deployment. We are setting a value to the greeting variable inside this constructor for the above code.
  • function getGreeting(): This is a function that can be called by anyone to get the greeting message.

Compiling your Smart Contract

After creating your smart contract, the next step is to compile the smart contract. Compilation is the process of translating your Solidity code into machine-readable bytecode that can be executed on the blockchain. Remix IDE makes this process simple. Here's how to do it.

Open the Solidity Compiler

In Remix IDE, you'll find the "Solidity Compiler" tab on the right sidebar. Click on it to open the compiler panel.

Select Compiler Version

At the top of the compiler panel, you'll see a dropdown menu. This allows you to choose the version of the Solidity compiler you want to use. If you're not sure, select the latest stable version.

Compile Your Contract

In the compiler panel, you'll see a button labeled "Compile Greetings.sol" (or whatever you named your file). Click on it.

Review Compiler Output

Below the button, you'll see the compilation output. If your code has no errors, you'll see a green checkmark with "Compilation successful". If there are any errors, they will be listed with line numbers.

Explore Compiled Artifacts

If your contract compiles successfully, Remix IDE will generate a set of compiled artifacts. These include the bytecode (which gets deployed to the blockchain) and the Application Binary Interface (ABI), which defines how to interact with the contract.

Debugging Compiler Errors (if any)

If there are errors during compilation, review the error messages to identify what needs to be fixed. Common issues include syntax errors, incorrect data types, or missing semicolons.

That's it. Our smart contract is now compiled and ready to be deployed.

Compile your contrcat

Deploying your smart contract

Now that the smart contract is created and compiled, it's time to deploy it onto a blockchain network. This is where the contract will be visible to everyone, i.e., the contract will be live and will execute its function. To deploy your smart contract, you can follow the steps listed below

Selecting a network

Before deploying, decide which blockchain network you want to use. For beginners, starting with a testnet is recommended. This allows us to deploy and test our contract without using real cryptocurrency. There are many testnet available. You can select one of the available test networks and add it to your wallet, like Metamask. After adding the testnet to your wallet, you can get some faucets to it. These faucets will be required during the deployment of the smart contract.

Connecting Remix IDE to a Network

In the Remix IDE, navigate to deploy and run transaction panel, and there, choose the network on which you want to deploy the smart contract.

Deploy and Run Transaction

Here you will able to select the network environment as well as the account address and its balance in ether. By default, the environment selected by the Remix IDE is its own test environment. Remix IDE provides the user with its own test environment to test the smart contract before deploying it to the main network. But when deployed on the Remix test environment, the smart contract is not visible outside the Remix Ide. You will not be able to see the contract outside the Remix environment. 

To prevent this, we can deploy the smart contract on a publically available testnet like the Polygon Mumbai testnet, Goerli Testnet, or any other testnet. All we need to do is connect to the wallet on which we have connected with these networks. For example, to connect to Metamask, we can select Injected Provider - MetaMask. By selecting this, it will try to connect to your metamask wallet. Allow the connection, and you are ready to deploy on your desired network.

Deploying your Contract

It's time to deploy the smart contract. You will find the latest successfully compiled contract on the contract tab, ready to be deployed. Once you have selected the environment to which the contract is to be deployed. Click the Deploy button. This will open up your metamask transaction builder if you are using any other network rather than the default environment provided by the Remix. Sign the transaction, and the Remix IDE will do the rest of the work automatically.

Please remember that for signing a transaction, you should have some faucet in your account if you are using a testnet.

After the transaction is successful, you can see it on the block explorer using its transaction hash.

Interacting with the smart contract

Once the smart contract is deployed, its functions are ready to be used and interacted with. Once the smart contract is successfully deployed, you will be able to interact with its function in the deploy and run transaction panel. The deployed contract will be visible under the Deployed Contracts panel.

Deployed Contracts

Expand the deployed contract view to see all the functions available inside it. In this tutorial, the Greetings contract has only one function getGreeting, which you can see in the picture above.

To call the function, click on the button with the function name. In the above example, when we click on the getGreeting function button, the message Hello World is reflected on the screen.

Get greeting


Our experience with Remix IDE has provided us with important insights into smart contract creation. We started with a basic "Hello World" contract and worked our way through the critical phases of compilation and deployment.

With its user-friendly design and extensive features, Remix IDE is an invaluable tool for blockchain developers. This tool simplifies the development process, enabling for the generation of focused and efficient smart contracts.

You are now ready to create and deploy your own contracts. 


Q. What is a smart contract?

A. A smart contract is a self-executing digital contract with the terms and conditions written directly into code. It automatically enforces and executes the terms of an agreement when predetermined conditions are met, without the need for intermediaries.

Q. What blockchain platforms support smart contracts?

A. Smart contracts are primarily associated with blockchain platforms like Ethereum, Binance Smart Chain, and Solana. These platforms have their own programming languages (Solidity, Vyper, etc.) specifically designed for writing smart contracts. However, other platforms like NEO, Cardano, and Polkadot also support smart contract functionality.

Q. Are smart contracts legally binding?

A. Smart contracts are designed to be self-executing, meaning they automatically enforce the terms when conditions are met. However, the legal enforceability of a smart contract may vary depending on jurisdiction. It's essential to consult legal experts for specific advice on the legality and enforceability of smart contracts in a given context.

Q. What are some common use cases for smart contracts?

A. Smart contracts have a wide range of applications.

  • Token sales (Initial Coin Offerings or ICOs)
  • Decentralized Finance (DeFi) applications like lending, borrowing, and trading
  • Supply chain management and tracking
  • Voting systems
  • Royalty distribution for content creators
  • Gaming and non-fungible token (NFT) marketplaces

Q. Can smart contracts be modified once deployed?

A. Once deployed, smart contracts on most blockchain platforms are immutable, meaning their code cannot be changed. If updates are required, a new contract must be deployed. However, some platforms, like Ethereum, allow for upgradeable contracts through techniques like proxies or contract migration.

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