Implementing Versioning in ASP.NET Core WebAPI


In modern web development, maintaining compatibility and managing changes in APIs is crucial. Versioning allows developers to introduce new features, fix bugs, or make breaking changes without disrupting existing consumers. In this article, we will explore how to implement versioning in an ASP.NET Core WebAPI, providing a practical example along the way.

Why Versioning Matters?

Versioning enables developers to evolve their APIs over time while ensuring backward compatibility. It allows consumers to continue using older versions of the API while gradually transitioning to newer versions. With versioning, you can introduce breaking changes without impacting existing clients, making the overall development and deployment process more efficient.

Implementing Versioning in ASP.NET Core WebAPI

Let's dive into the step-by-step process of implementing versioning in an ASP.NET Core WebAPI.

Step 1. Create a New ASP.NET Core WebAPI Project

Start by creating a new ASP.NET Core WebAPI project in your preferred development environment, such as Visual Studio or Visual Studio Code. Ensure that you have the necessary dependencies installed, including the .NET Core SDK.

Step 2. Add Required NuGet Packages

To implement versioning, you need to add the appropriate NuGet packages to your project. Open the NuGet Package Manager Console and install the following packages.

Install-Package Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.Versioning
Install-Package Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.Versioning.ApiExplorer

These packages provide the necessary components and middleware to support versioning.

Step 3. Configure Versioning in Startup.cs

In the ConfigureServices method of the Startup.cs file, add the following code to configure versioning.

services.AddApiVersioning(options =>
    options.DefaultApiVersion = new ApiVersion(1, 0);
    options.AssumeDefaultVersionWhenUnspecified = true;
    options.ReportApiVersions = true;

This code sets the default API version to 1.0, assumes the default version when not specified explicitly, and enables reporting of supported API versions.

Step 4. Enable API Versioning in Controllers

In your controller classes, apply the [ApiVersion] attribute to indicate the supported versions. For example,

public class ProductsController : ControllerBase
    // Controller actions and endpoints

This code specifies that the ProductsController supports version 1.0 of the API.

Step 5. Test the API Versions

Run the application and test the different API versions. You can append the version number to the URL, such as /api/v1.0/products. Additionally, you can use the Swagger UI to explore and test the API versions.


Versioning is a critical aspect of building and maintaining APIs. By implementing versioning in your ASP.NET Core WebAPI, you can manage changes, introduce new features, and maintain backward compatibility. This article provided a step-by-step guide to implementing versioning in ASP.NET Core WebAPI, empowering you to create robust and scalable APIs that meet the evolving needs of your consumers.

Similar Articles