Mastering Dependency Injection and Third-Party IoC Integration


Dependency Injection (DI) is a design pattern used in software development to achieve loosely coupled components by allowing the injection of dependencies into a class rather than creating them within the class. This promotes better code reusability, testability, and maintainability. In the context of Dependency Injection, an Inversion of Control (IoC) container is a tool that manages the injection of dependencies.

Step 1. Create an ASP.NET Core Web API Project

  1. Open Visual Studio.
  2. Create a new ASP.NET Core Web Application project.
  3. Choose the API template and ensure ASP.NET Core 3.1 or later is selected.
  4. Step 2: Define Dependencies

Let's assume you want to create a simple service for managing articles. Here's how you might define your dependencies:

Create an interface for the service

Author: Sardar Mudassar Ali Khan
public interface IArticleService
    List<Article> GetAllArticles();
    Article GetArticleById(int id);

Implement the service

Author: Sardar Mudassar Ali Khan

public class ArticleService: IArticleService
    private List<Article> _articles = new List<Article>
        new Article { Id = 1, Title = "Introduction to Dependency Injection By Sardar Mudassar Ali 
        Khan", Content = "..." },
        new Article { Id = 2, Title = "ASP.NET Core Web API Basics", Content = "..." }

    public List<Article> GetAllArticles()
        return _articles;

    public Article GetArticleById(int id)
        return _articles.FirstOrDefault(article => article.Id == id);

Step 2. Configure Dependency Injection

In your Startup.cs file, configure the dependency injection container:

public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)

    // Register the ArticleService
    services.AddScoped<IArticleService, ArticleService>();

Step 3. Create Controller

Create a controller that uses the IArticleService:

public class ArticlesController : ControllerBase
    private readonly IArticleService _articleService;

    public ArticlesController(IArticleService articleService)
        _articleService = articleService;

    public ActionResult<IEnumerable<Article>> Get()
        var articles = _articleService.GetAllArticles();
        return Ok(articles);

    public ActionResult<Article> Get(int id)
        var article = _articleService.GetArticleById(id);
        if (article == null)
            return NotFound();
        return Ok(article);

Step 4: Test the API

Run the application and navigate to the appropriate API endpoints, for example:

  • GET /api/articles: Retrieve all articles.
  • GET /api/articles/{id}: Retrieve an article by its ID.

Remember, this example focuses on setting up a simple ASP.NET Core Web API project with Dependency Injection. For a complete production-ready solution, you'd need to consider error handling, validation, authentication, and other aspects.


We explored the concepts of Dependency Injection (DI) and demonstrated how to integrate DI into an ASP.NET Core Web API project. Dependency Injection is a powerful design pattern that promotes loosely coupled components, better testability, and maintainability. Here's a recap of what we covered:

1. Dependency Injection (DI)

DI is a design pattern that focuses on providing the dependencies a class needs from the outside, rather than creating them internally. This promotes modularity, reusability, and easier testing.

2. Advantages of DI

  1.     Loose Coupling: Components are decoupled, making it easier to replace or update individual parts without affecting the whole system.
  2.    Testability Dependencies can be easily mocked or replaced during testing, leading to more effective unit testing.
  3.    Maintainability: Changes to dependencies can be managed more centrally, making maintenance and updates simpler.

3. Integration with ASP.NET Core Web API

  1.    We created a simple ASP.NET Core Web API project.
  2.    We defined a service interface (IArticleService) and an implementation (ArticleService) to manage articles.
  3.    We configured the dependency injection container in the Startup.cs file using the AddScoped method.
  4.    We created an API controller (ArticlesController) that uses the IArticleService through constructor injection.

4. Testing the API

  1.   We ran the application and tested the endpoints using tools like Postman or a web browser.
  2.   We observed how the API endpoints interact with the injected service to provide data.

Dependency Injection is a fundamental concept in modern software development, and integrating it into your projects can lead to more maintainable, testable, and scalable applications. As you continue your journey in software development, these principles will prove to be valuable tools in your toolkit.

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