SharePoint 2013/Online - Send Email Using Rest API

Sending email is one of the most common functionalities that needs to be developed in almost every project irrespective of the nature of the project.

Based on the new development paradigms introduced by Microsoft, the recommended development approach prefers to make use of Client Side Object Model and REST API for developing functionalities for SharePoint 2013.

In this article, by moving along the same lines, we will discuss how to develop a mail client for SharePoint Online/2013, using REST API end point exposed by SharePoint 2013.

In this demo, I will make use of OOB content editor Web part to executing JavaScript code and a virtual mail Utility smtp4dev”, which is available on CodePlex for the free download. “smtp4dev” allows you to test the mail functionality by intercepting incoming mails, using a thin mail client by configuring a local SMTP Server in your development VM.

I have mentioned quite a number of such useful tools in one of my earlier blog posts, SharePoint Developer Tools – Get Your Gears and recommend you visit it for the details on the tools, which can be very helpful in enhancing the developer productivity, while working in SharePoint Environment.

Let’s start by writing JavaScript code and since we are making use of content editor Web part, we need to perform some additional tasks

  • Open SharePoint Designer.
  • Visit Site Assets Library.
  • Add a new Text file and give it a proper name of your choice.

1

In the text file, add the code, as shown in the steps given below.

Step 1

CSS of your choice is to build the UI, as desired. In my case, I put some CSS classes for the UI of the mail client.

2

Step 2

Add some HTML elements, which designs the UI for the mail client and apply CSS classes appropriately.

3

Step 3

Add the reference to “jquery.js”, “sp.runtime.js” and “sp.js” files.

4

Step 4

Add “document.ready” function to bind the click even of the button with the appropriate event handler.

5

Inside Event Handler function “SendMail ()”, we will proceed with the code, as shown below.

Step 5

Read the values from UI control to prepare the E-mail content to be sent.

Step 6

Prepare the Request Header object to be sent along with REST API call to SharePoint. This object is necessary to provide the execution details to be authenticated by SharePoint

Step 7

Prepare REST API URL to pass into the subsequent call by making use of the page context variable.

Step 8

Prepare API call by configuring the metadata object of type “SP.Utilities.EmailProperties”. It is worth spending time reviewing this object for a while to notice what all properties are exposed by this object. We can specify From Email, To Email, CC Email, and subject & body of the mail within this object

Step 9

In the success call back, we can perform the desired action. In this demo, we are just writing down a success message to the Result Panel.

6

With this, we are all done with the coding and now it is the time to create a new page and add content editor Web part to the page

  • Go to the site page library.
  • Add a new Web part page.
  • On the Web part page, click Add Web part link.

7

  • From the Web part Picker, choose “Content Editor” WebPart that falls under “Media and Content” category.
  • Click add to add the Web part to the page.

    8

Next thing is to add the reference to the JavaScript code file, which we have created in the steps above.

  • To refer the code file, edit the Web part.
  • Specify the relative URL of the code file in the Content Link placeholder in Web part properties, as shown below.

    9
    10
  • Once done with the changes, choose “Stop Editing” from the ribbon to save the changes to the Web Part

    11

If the code executes successfully, we will see the UI for the mail client rendered, as shown below.

12

Before we execute the code to send the mail, we need to first have a look to the “smtp4dev” tool. This tool will receive the mail messages and get them displayed to “Messages” tab.

13

Now, enter the Name, Email Address and Message on the UI and click “Send Email” button.

14

Once the Email functionality gets executed successfully, we will see the success message printed in the Result Panel and also an Email notification is received from “smtp4dev” tool.15

We can analyze the received further by looking it into the “smtp4dev” tool “Message”.

In the “Message” Tab, select received mail and click on the “Inspect” button.

16

On the “Message Details” screen under the “Body” Tab, we can see the body of the received mail.17

 Since this REST call, we can analyze the corresponding Request-Response cycle, using any Web Proxy tool. Here, I am using Fiddler to inspect it.

We will get a null response object in case of successful execution of the E-mail functionality.

18

Known Limitations

Issue with Attachments

Adding attachments within the Email is not supported using this approach, and this limitation is due to the limited exposure of the properties by “SP.Utilities.EmailProperties” Object.

Only the following properties have been exposed by this object are to be used within REST call.

19

Here, we can see that there is no property exposed to add the attachments along with the mail.

Issue with External mails

External Mails are not supported. Using this approach means we can only send mails to the valid site users only. If you try to send the mail to any external user or an Email ID, you will probably get the error, as shown below.

20.png

That is all for the demo.

I hope you found it helpful.

X

Build smarter apps with Machine Learning, Bots, Cognitive Services - Start free.

Start Learning Now