Top 10 JavaScript Frameworks In The World

Angular and React are the two most popular JavaScript frameworks. In this article, I will review the top 10 most popular and most in-demand JavaScript frameworks.

JavaScript is the most popular Web scripting programming language in the world. There are more than 1 billion websites on the Internet and almost every website uses JavaScript in some shape or form.

JavaScript is not only used for the front-end but also is used for server side and middle layer components developed. If your focus is just front end, here is a good article on Most Popular Front-end JavaScript Frameworks in the World.

Top 10 JavaScript Frameworks In The World 

Here is a list of the Top 10 most popular JavaScript frameworks for Web development.

1. Angular Angular is the most popular JavaScript framework. It is a TypeScript based open-source framework. It was initially released on Sept 14, 2016 by Google. Current version is 7.2. MIT License.
2. React React is very close to Angular in popularity. React is an open-source JS library for building Web user interfaces. React's key use is to build large SPAs. Initially developed and released by Facebook, it is now maintained by open-source community. React was developed by Jordan Walke and was released on May 29, 2013. The current version of React is 16.8.0. MIT License.
3. Nodejs Nodejs is an open-source, JavaScript runtime that executes JS outside of a browser. Node executes JavaScript on server side. Node.js was developed by Ryan Dahl and was released on May 27, 2009. MIT License.
4. Vue.js Vue.js is an open source JavaScript framework for building Web user interfaces and SPA. Vue.js was developed by Evan You and released in Feb 2014. The current version of Vue.js is 2.6.8. MIT License.
5. Backbone.js Backbone.js is a JavaScript library based on the Model–View–Presenter design pattern. Backbone is a lightweight library with size only 7.5KB. Backbone was developed by Jeremy Ashkenas and released in Oct 2010. MIT License.
6. Polymer.js Polymer is an open-source JavaScript library for building Web apps and components. Polymer was developed by Google and open source community. Polymer was released in May 2015. The current version of Polymer is 3.0.2. 3-Clause BSD License.
7. Ember.js Ember.js is an open-source JavaScript framework, based on the Model–view–viewMode (MVVM)l pattern. Ember is used to build SPA Web apps. Ember was developed by Yehuda Katz and was released in Dec 2011. MIT License.
8. Aurelia.js Aurelia is a modern front-end framework for building browser, mobile and desktop applications. Aurelia was created by Rob Eisenberg, one of the members of Angular 2.0 core team.
9. Mithril.js Mithril is a modern client-side JavaScript framework for building Single Page Applications. It's small (< 8kb gzip), fast and provides routing and XHR utilities out of the box.
10. MeteorJS Meteor, or MeteorJS, is an open-source JavaScript web framework written using Node.js. Meteor allows for rapid prototyping and produces cross-platform code. Meteor was released in 2012. MIT License.

Framework vs Library

We often refer to Angular as a framework and React as a library. A framework is a product that provides complete functionality to build an entire application including front-end, middle-layer, and backend. Angular is a framework. A library provides partial functionality of a Web application such as front-end. React is a library and provides front-end functionality only.

Angular

Top 10 JavaScript Frameworks In The World 

Angular is an open-source, JavaScript based Web framework for Web and mobile that is based on MVC (Model-View-Controller) design pattern. Angular is a complete framework and provides everything you need to build a complete enterprise scalable Web application.

Angular is a JavaScript framework and requires you to understand JavaScript and MVC. The key characteristics of Angular includes platform agnostic, developed for speed and performance, and incredible tooling.

Today, Angular has become one of the most popular Web development frameworks for building large scale web applications. Angular is more popular among larger enterprises. Currently, there are 17,027 Angular jobs available on Indeed.com. The average salary for an Angular Web Developer and an Angular Senior Software Engineer is $78k and $114k respectively.

The current stable version of Angular is 7. Here is a good step by step tutorial to Learn Angular in 10 Days.

Learn more and Get started with Angular on C# Corner here >

React

Top 10 JavaScript Frameworks In The World 

React, originally developed and maintained by Facebook in 2013, is an open-source, declarative, component-based, and learn once, write anywhere JavaScript library for building large data-driven web interfaces. Besides open source and lightweight, React features speed, simplicity, and scalability. Unlike Angular, React provides functionality to build user interfaces.

Today, React has become one of the most -in-demand Web development framework. Currently, there are 43,436 React jobs available on Indeed.com. The average salary for a React Developer and a Full Stack Developer is $85k and $110k per year respectively.

The current stable version of React is 16.2.0. Here are some resources on React on C# Corner >

Learn more and get started with Reach here.

Angular vs React

Angular vs React is one of the biggest debates among Web developers. While Angular is a complete framework and can be used to build a complete Web application, React is used to build user interfaces only.

To build a complete application, you must use additional libraries and code to build backend functionality. The following table summarizes the difference between these two JS products.

Angular React
Backed by Google Facebook
Developed In 2016 2013
Architecture Model-View-Controller View
Functionality Complete Framework Front-end only
UI TypeScript + HTML JSX + JS
DOM Regular DOM Virtual DOM
Data Binding Bi-directional Uni-directional
Speed Slow Fast
License MIT MIT
Language TypeScript JavaScript
Typing Statically typed Dynamically typed
Mobile apps Ionic React Native
Testing Framework Jasmine React code
Download Size 135kb 64kb
Performance 11.5ms 12.1ms

Node.js

Top 10 JavaScript Frameworks In The World 

Nodejs or Node.js or Node is an open-source, server-side JavaScript framework built on Google Chrome's JavaScript V8 Engine. It is mainly designed to build fast, scalable, and reliable network based server side applications.

Currently, there are 8,905 Node.js jobs available on Indeed.com. The average salary for a Node developer is around $105k.

Node was created by Ryan Dahl in 2009. The current stable version of Node.js is 10.15.1.

Learn more and get started here building Web applications using NodeJS.

Vue

Top 10 JavaScript Frameworks In The World 

Vue or vue.js is a progressive framework for building user interfaces. The core library is focused on the view layer only and is easy to pick up and integrate with other libraries or existing projects. On the other hand, Vue is also perfectly capable of powering sophisticated Single-Page Applications when used in combination with modern tooling and supporting libraries.

Vue, focused on the view part of a web page, is another popular front-end framework. Currently, there are 1,316 Vue.js jobs available on Indeed.com. The average salary for a Vue developer is around $100k or more.

Vue was created by Evan You in 2014. The current stable version of vue.js is 2.5.9.

Learn more and Learn more and get started with Vue here >

Backbone

Backbone (also known as Backbone.js) is one of the earlier JS frameworks with a RESTful JSON interface and is based on the model–view–presenter (MVP) application design pattern.

Backbone was created by Jeremy Ashkenas in 2010 and after 7 years, it remains one of the most popular JavaScript front end frameworks.

Currently, there are 5,135 Backbone jobs available on Indeed.com. The average salary for a Backbone Front End Developer and a Backbone Full Stack Developer is $102k and $110k respectively.

The current stable version of Backbone.js is 1.3.3 that was released on April 05, 2016. Here is a good beginner article Introduction to Backbone.js here >

Learn Backbone.js on C# Corner

Ember

Top 10 JavaScript Frameworks In The World 

Ember is another popular JavaScript based front end framework. Ember.js is an open-source JavaScript framework, based on the MVVM (Model View ViewModel) design pattern that allows developers to create scalable single-page web applications.

Currently, there are 1,489 Ember jobs available on Indeed.com. The salary for Ember developers range between $65k and $114k.

Developed by Yehuda Katz, the current stable version of Ember is 2.16.2.

Get started here - Ember.js Quick Start Guide

Polymer

Top 10 JavaScript Frameworks In The World 

Polymer is an open-source JavaScript library for building Web applications and Web components. Polymer is written in JavaScript and HTML. Polymer was developed by Google and later contributed to the open source community. Polymer supports both One-way and Two-way data binding. It also supports computed properties, conditional and repeat templates, and gesture events.

Aurelia

Top 10 JavaScript Frameworks In The World 

Aurelia is a modern, front-end JavaScript framework for building browser, mobile, and desktop applications. Aurelia is easy to learn and empowers you to build components using vanilla JavaScript or TypeScript. At the core of Aurelia is a high-performance, reactive system, capable of batching DOM updates in a way that leaves other frameworks, and their virtual DOMs, in the dust. Aurelia enables powerful reactive binding to any object.

Mithril

Top 10 JavaScript Frameworks In The World 

Mithril is a modern client-side JavaScript framework for building Single Page Applications (SPA). Mithril takes pride in being the smallest size of download, i.e., < 8kb gzip. That is compare to Vue + Vue-Router + Vuex + fetch (40kb), React + React-Router + Redux + fetch (64kb), and Angular (135kb). Mithril provides high performance of 6.4ms compare to Vue (9.8ms), React (12.1ms), and Angular (11.5ms).

MeteorJS

Top 10 JavaScript Frameworks In The World 

Meteor is an open-source, ultra-simple, full stack JavaScript based framework for building modern web applications. Meteor includes a key set of technologies for building connected-client reactive applications, a build tool, and a curated set of packages from the Node.js and general JavaScript community. Meteor uses data on the wire, meaning the server sends data, not HTML, and the client renders it.

Conclusion

There are dozens of popular JavaScript framework and libraries available in market to build JavaScript based Web, Mobile, and even desktop applications. While some of these frameworks and libraries offer a complete one stop shop to build entire scalable enterprise Web apps, most of these frameworks are designed for a specific purpose. Some of these frameworks or libraries can also work with other frameworks and libraries.

Software architects must be careful when choosing a framework or library to build their next application. A wrong choice could kill the entire project. You have to ask yourself the following questions:

Does a framework provide the functionality I need? Is the framework designed to meet today and tomorrow’s needs? Is the framework flexible enough to do my own customizations? What is the learning curve for my team? Does the framework offer speed, performance, and size that matches my needs? Who is behind the project? Is that a big team or a small team? What is the future roadmap of the project? Does the framework provide a mobile solution? Does the framework support third party library integration? Is the framework being used by any successful companies? What does the community support look like? How does the product licensing work? Is there good documentation and code samples available on the product? 

Recommended Readings

Here is a list of similar articles that you may be interested in.

References

  • https://www.valuecoders.com/blog/technology-and-apps/10-top-web-development-frameworks-businesses/
  • https://trends.builtwith.com/framework
  • https://www.valuecoders.com/blog/technology-and-apps/10-top-web-development-frameworks-businesses/
  • https://mithril.js.org/#what-is-mithril
  • https://guide.meteor.com/
  • https://medium.freecodecamp.org/a-comparison-between-angular-and-react-and-their-core-languages-9de52f485a76
  • https://programmingwithmosh.com/react/react-vs-angular/
  • Wikipedia
  • Product website and Github
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