CRUD Operation In SharePoint 2013

We can perform crud operation on SharePoint list using four object model.

To perform above operation assume you have a SharePoint list Employeewhich contains one column i.e. EmployeeName. 

Server Side Object Model

Create Item
Add one record into Employee list using below code.
  1.             //Get the SP site  
  2.             using (SPSite oSite = new SPSite(SPContext.Current.Web.Url))  
  3.             {  
  4.                 //Get the Web site  
  5.                 using (SPWeb oWeb = oSite.OpenWeb())  
  6.                 {  
  7.                     // If List not exist it will throw an error  
  8.                     SPList oList = oWeb.Lists["Employee "];  
  9.   
  10.                     //OR  
  11.   
  12.                     // If List not exist it will return null value  
  13.                     SPList oList = oWeb.Lists.TryGetList("Employee");  
  14.                     SPListItem oListItem = oList.AddItem();  
  15.                     oListItem["Title"] = "Mr";  
  16.                     oListItem["EmployeeName"] = "Arvind Kushwaha";  
  17.                     oListItem.Update();  
  18.   
  19.                 }  
  20.             }  
Update Item
Edit the record from Employee list whose ID=1 using below code.
  1.             //Get the SP site  
  2.             using (SPSite oSite = new SPSite(SPContext.Current.Web.Url))  
  3.             {  
  4.                 //Get the Web site  
  5.                 using (SPWeb oWeb = oSite.OpenWeb())  
  6.                 {  
  7.                     // If List not exist it will throw an error  
  8.                     SPList oList = oWeb.Lists["Employee "];  
  9.                     //OR  
  10.                     // If List not exist it will return null value  
  11.                     SPList oList = oWeb.Lists.TryGetList("Employee");  
  12.   
  13.                     // Here you can pass dynamic ID or Your ID   
  14.                     SPListItem oListitem = oList.GetItemById(1);  
  15.                     oListitem["EmployeeName"] = "Arvind";  
  16.                     oListitem.Update();  
  17.   
  18.                 }  
  19.             }  
Delete Item
Delete the record from Employee list whose ID=1 using below code. 
  1.             //Get the SP site  
  2.             using (SPSite oSite = new SPSite(SPContext.Current.Web.Url))  
  3.             {  
  4.                 //Get the Web site  
  5.                 using (SPWeb oWeb = oSite.OpenWeb())  
  6.                 {  
  7.                     // If List not exist it will throw an error  
  8.                     SPList oList = oWeb.Lists["Employee "];  
  9.                     //OR  
  10.                     // If List not exist it will return null value  
  11.                     SPList oList = oWeb.Lists.TryGetList("Employee ");  
  12.   
  13.                     // Here you can pass dynamic ID or Your ID   
  14.                     SPListItem oListitem = oList.GetItemById(1);  
  15.                     oListitem.Delete();  
  16.   
  17.                 }  
  18.             }  
Get all Item 
Get all the item from employee list using below code 
  1.            //Get the SP site  
  2.            using (SPSite oSite = new SPSite(SPContext.Current.Web.Url))  
  3.            {  
  4.                //Get the Web site  
  5.                using (SPWeb oWeb = oSite.OpenWeb())  
  6.                {  
  7.                    // If List not exist it will throw an error  
  8.                    SPList oList = oWeb.Lists["Employee "];  
  9.                    //OR  
  10.                    // If List not exist it will return null value  
  11.                    SPList oList = oWeb.Lists.TryGetList("Employee ");  
  12.                    if (oList != null)  
  13.                    {  
  14.                        SPListItemCollection oListItemColl = oList.Items;  
  15.                        foreach (SPListItem oListItem in oListItemColl)  
  16.                        {  
  17.                            Console.WriteLine(oListItem["Title"] + "::" + oListItem["EmployeeName "]);  
  18.   
  19.                        }  
  20.                    }  
  21.                }  
  22.            }  
Get Specific Item  
Get all matching record from employee list where EmployeeName='Arvind' using below code  
  1.          //Get the SP site  
  2.             using (SPSite oSite = new SPSite(SPContext.Current.Web.Url))  
  3.             {  
  4.                 //Get the Web site  
  5.                 using (SPWeb oWeb = oSite.OpenWeb())  
  6.                 {  
  7.                     // If List not exist it will throw an error  
  8.                     SPList oList = oWeb.Lists["Employee"];  
  9.                     //OR  
  10.                     // If List not exist it will return null value  
  11.                     SPList oList = oWeb.Lists.TryGetList("Employee");  
  12.   
  13.                     // Create a SPQuery Object  
  14.                     SPQuery query = new SPQuery();  
  15.   
  16.                     //Write the query (I suggest using U2U Query Bulider Tool)  
  17.                     query.Query = @"< Where >< Eq >< FieldRef Name ='EmployeeName'/>  
  18.                                     < Value Type ='Text'>Arvind </ Value ></ Eq ></ Where>";  
  19.   
  20.                     //Get the Items using Query  
  21.                     SPListItemCollection curItems = oList.GetItems(query);  
  22.                     // Go through the resulting items  
  23.                     foreach (SPListItem curItem in curItems)  
  24.                     {  
  25.                         Console.WriteLine(curItem["Title"] + "::" + curItem["EmployeeName"]);  
  26.                     }  
  27.                 }  
  28.             }  

Client Side Object Model

Create Item
Add one record into Employee list using below code.
  1.             //Get the site  
  2.             string siteUrl = "SiteURL";  
  3.             ClientContext clientContext = new ClientContext(siteUrl);  
  4.             // Get the List  
  5.             List oList = clientContext.Web.Lists.GetByTitle("Employee");  
  6.             ListItemCreationInformation listCreationInformation = new ListItemCreationInformation();  
  7.             ListItem oListItem = oList.AddItem(listCreationInformation);  
  8.             oListItem["Title"] = "Mr";  
  9.             oListItem["EmployeeName"] = "Arvind Kushwaha";  
  10.             oListItem.Update();  
  11.             clientContext.ExecuteQuery();  
Update Item 
Edit the record from Employee list whose ID=1 using below code.
  1.             //Get the site  
  2.             string siteUrl = "SiteURL";  
  3.             ClientContext clientContext = new ClientContext(siteUrl);  
  4.             // Get the List  
  5.             List oList = clientContext.Web.Lists.GetByTitle("Employee");  
  6.             ListItem oListItem = oList.GetItemById(1);  
  7.             oListItem["Title"] = "Male";  
  8.             oListItem.Update();  
  9.             clientContext.ExecuteQuery();  
Delete Item
Delete the record from Employee list whose ID=1 using below code.  
  1.             //Get the site  
  2.             string siteUrl = "SiteURL”;  
  3.             ClientContext clientContext = new ClientContext(siteUrl);  
  4.             // Get the List  
  5.             List oList = clientContext.Web.Lists.GetByTitle("Employee");  
  6.             //Pass your ID  
  7.             ListItem oListItem = oList.GetItemById(1);  
  8.             oListItem.DeleteObject();  
  9.             clientContext.ExecuteQuery();  
Get all Item 
Get all the item from employee list using below code
  1. //Get the site  
  2.            string siteUrl = "SiteURL";  
  3.            ClientContext clientContext = new ClientContext(siteUrl);  
  4.            // Get the List  
  5.            List oList = clientContext.Web.Lists.GetByTitle("Employee");  
  6.            CamlQuery query = new CamlQuery();  
  7.            query.ViewXml = "<View/>";  
  8.            ListItemCollection items = oList.GetItems(query);  
  9.            clientContext.Load(oList);  
  10.            clientContext.Load(items);  
  11.            clientContext.ExecuteQuery();  
Get Specific Item
Get all matching record from employee list where EmployeeName='Arvind' using below code  
  1. //Get the site  
  2.             string siteUrl = "SiteURL";  
  3.             ClientContext clientContext = new ClientContext(siteUrl);  
  4.             // Get the List  
  5.             List oList = clientContext.Web.Lists.GetByTitle("Employee");  
  6.             CamlQuery query = new CamlQuery();  
  7.             query.ViewXml = @"<View>  
  8.                                 <Query>  
  9.                                     <Where>  
  10.                                         <Eq>  
  11.                                             <FieldRef Name='EmployeeName '/>  
  12.                                             <Value Type='Text'>Arvind Kushwaha</Value>  
  13.                                         </Eq>  
  14.                                     </Where>  
  15.                                 </Query>  
  16.                              </View>";  
  17.             ListItemCollection listItems = oList.GetItems(query);  
  18.             clientContext.Load(listItems, items => items.Include(  
  19.                                                             item => item["Id"],  
  20.                                                             item => item["Title"],  
  21.                                                             item => item["EmployeeName"]  
  22.                                                             ));  
  23.             clientContext.ExecuteQuery();  

JavaScript Object Model

Create Item
Add one record into Employee list using below code.
  1. //Get the Site    
  2. var context=new SP.ClientContex("Your Site URL");    
  3. // Get the Web    
  4. var web=context.get_web();    
  5.     
  6. // Get the list based on the Title    
  7.     
  8. var list=web.get_lists().getByTitle("Employee");    
  9.     
  10. //Object for creating Item in the List    
  11.     
  12. var listCreationInformation = new SP.ListItemCreationInformation();    
  13.     
  14. var listItem = list.addItem(listCreationInformation);    
  15.      
  16.     listItem.set_item("Title", $("#CategoryId").val());    
  17.     listItem.set_item("CategoryName", $("#CategoryName").val());    
  18.     listItem.update(); //Update the List Item    
  19.      
  20.     ctx.load(listItem);    
  21.     //Execute the batch Asynchronously    
  22.     ctx.executeQueryAsync(    
  23.         Function.createDelegate(this, success),    
  24.         Function.createDelegate(this, fail)    
  25.        );    

The above code perform the following operations.

  •  To add a new item in the list, the SP.ListCreationInformation() object is used
  •  This object is then passed to the addItem() method of the List. This method returns the ListItem object
  •  Using the set_item() method of the ListItem the values for each field in the List is set and finally the list is updated.
Update Item 
Edit the record from Employee list whose ID=1 using below code.  
  1. //Get the site  
  2.     var contex = new SP.ClientContext("Your Site URL");  
  3.   
  4.     //Get the web  
  5.     var web = contex.get_web();  
  6.   
  7.     //Get the List based upon the Title   
  8.     var list = web.get_lists().getByTitle("Employee");  
  9.     ctx.load(list);  
  10.     listItem = list.getItemById(1);  
  11.     ctx.load(listItem);  
  12.     listItem.set_item("EmployeeName""Arvind Kushwaha");  
  13.     listItem.update();  
  14.     ctx.executeQueryAsync(Function.createDelegate(this, success), Function.createDelegate(this, fail));  
The above code perform the Update the ListItem based upon the id,
 
Delete Item 
Delete the record from Employee list whose ID=1 using below code.
  1. //Get the site  
  2.     var contex = new SP.ClientContext("Your Site URL");  
  3.   
  4.     //Get the web  
  5.     var web = contex.get_web();  
  6.   
  7.     //Get the List based upon the Title   
  8.     var list = web.get_lists().getByTitle("Employee");  
  9.     ctx.load(list);  
  10.     listItem = list.getItemById(1);  
  11.     ctx.load(listItem);  
  12.     listItem.deleteObject();  
  13.     ctx.executeQueryAsync(Function.createDelegate(this, success), Function.createDelegate(this, fail));  
The above code perform the Delete the ListItem based upon the id
 
Get all Item 
Get all the item from employee list using below code  
  1. //Get the site  
  2.    var contex = new SP.ClientContext("Your Site URL");  
  3.   
  4.    //Get the web  
  5.    var web = contex.get_web();  
  6.   
  7.    //Get the List based upon the Title   
  8.    var list = web.get_lists().getByTitle("Employee");  
  9.   
  10.    //The Query object. This is used to query for data in the List  
  11.    var query = new SP.CamlQuery(); ctx.load(list);  
  12.    query.set_viewXml('<View></View>');  
  13.    var items = list.getItems(query);  
  14.   
  15.    //Retrieves the properties of a client object from the server.  
  16.    ctx.load(list);  
  17.    ctx.load(items);  
  18.    ctx.executeQueryAsync(  
  19.     Function.createDelegate(thisfunction () {  
  20.   
  21.         var enumerator = items.getEnumerator();  
  22.         while (enumerator.moveNext()) {  
  23.             var currentListItem = enumerator.get_current();  
  24.             alert(currentListItem.get_item("ID"));  
  25.             alert(currentListItem.get_item("Title"));  
  26.             alert(currentListItem.get_item("EmployeeName"));  
  27.         }  
  28.     }),  
  29.    Function.createDelegate(this, fail)  
  30.  );  

The above code performs the following operations,

  • Use SP.CamlQuery() to create query object for querying the List
  • The query object is set with the criteria using xml expression using set_viewXml() method
  • Using getItems() method of the List the query will be processed
  • executeQueryAsync() methods processes the batch on the server and retrieve the List data. This data is displayed using HTML table after performing iterations on the retrieved data

Get Specific Item

  1. //Get the site  
  2.     var contex = new SP.ClientContext("Your Site URL");  
  3.   
  4.     //Get the web  
  5.     var web = contex.get_web();  
  6.   
  7.     //Get the List based upon the Title   
  8.     var list = web.get_lists().getByTitle("Employee");  
  9.   
  10.     //The Query object. This is used to query for data in the List  
  11.     var query = new SP.CamlQuery(); ctx.load(list);  
  12.     //Create the CAML that will return only items with the titles that begin with 'A'    
  13.     query.set_viewXml('<View><Query><Where><BeginsWith><FieldRef Name="EmployeeName" /><Value Type="Text">A</Value></BeginsWith></Where></Query></View>');  
  14.     var items = list.getItems(query);  
  15.   
  16.     //Retrieves the properties of a client object from the server.  
  17.     ctx.load(list);  
  18.     ctx.load(items);  
  19.     ctx.executeQueryAsync(  
  20.   
  21.    Function.createDelegate(thisfunction () {  
  22.   
  23.        //Get an enumerator for the items in the list    
  24.        var enumerator = items.getEnumerator();  
  25.        while (enumerator.moveNext()) {  
  26.            var currentListItem = enumerator.get_current();  
  27.            alert(currentListItem.get_item("ID"));  
  28.            alert(currentListItem.get_item("Title"));  
  29.            alert(currentListItem.get_item("EmployeeName"));  
  30.        }  
  31.    }),  
  32.     Function.createDelegate(this, fail)  
  33.     );  

The above code performs the following operations:

  • Use SP.CamlQuery() to create query object for querying the List
  • The query object is set with the criteria using xml expression using set_viewXml() method
  • Using getItems() method of the List the query will be processed
  • executeQueryAsync() methods processes the batch on the server and retrieve the List data. This data is displayed using HTML table after performing iterations on the retrieved data 

REST-API Object Model.

Create Item
Add one record into Employee list using below code. 
  1. // Declare the variable.  
  2.    var listname="Employee",  
  3.        url=_spPageContextInfo.webAbsoluteUrl;  
  4.    // Preparing our update  
  5.    var item = $.extend({  
  6.        "__metadata": { "type": getListItemType(listname)}  
  7.    }, metadata);  
  8.    item.Title="MR";  
  9.    item.EmployeeName="Arvind Kushwaha""  
  10.      
  11.    // Executing our adding operation  
  12.    $.ajax({  
  13.        url: url + "/_api/web/lists/getbytitle('" + listname + "')/items",  
  14.        type: "POST",  
  15.        contentType: "application/json;odata=verbose",  
  16.        data: JSON.stringify(item),  
  17.        headers: {  
  18.            "Accept""application/json;odata=verbose",  
  19.            "X-RequestDigest": $("#__REQUESTDIGEST").val(),  
  20.            "Content-Type":"application/json;odata=verbose",  
  21.            "X-HTTP-Method""POST"  
  22.        },  
  23.        success: function (data) {  
  24.            success(data); // Returns the newly created list item information  
  25.        },  
  26.        error: function (data) {  
  27.            failure(data);  
  28.        }  
  29.    });  
Update Item 
Edit the record from Employee list whose ID=1 using below code.  
  1. // Declare the variable.  
  2.     var listname="Employee",  
  3.            id=1,  
  4.         url=_spPageContextInfo.webAbsoluteUrl;  
  5.     var item = $.extend({  
  6.         "__metadata": { "type": getListItemType(listname)}  
  7.     }, metadata);  
  8.     item.EmployeeName=’Arvind’;  
  9.       
  10.     // Executing our Update operation based on ID  
  11.     $.ajax({  
  12.         url: url + "/_api/web/lists/getbytitle('" + listname + "')/items(id)",  
  13.         type: "POST",  
  14.         contentType: "application/json;odata=verbose",  
  15.         data: JSON.stringify(item),  
  16.         headers: {  
  17.             "Accept""application/json;odata=verbose",  
  18.             "X-RequestDigest": $("#__REQUESTDIGEST").val(),  
  19.             "Content-Type":"application/json;odata=verbose",  
  20.             "X-HTTP-Method""MERGE"  
  21.         },  
  22.         success: function (data) {  
  23.             success(data); // Returns the newly created list item information  
  24.         },  
  25.         error: function (data) {  
  26.             failure(data);  
  27.         }  
  28.     });  
Delete Item 
Delete the record from Employee list whose ID=1 using below code.  
  1. // Declare the variable.  
  2.     var listname="Employee",  
  3.            id=1,  
  4.         url=_spPageContextInfo.webAbsoluteUrl;  
  5.   
  6.     // Executing our delete operation based on ID  
  7.     $.ajax({  
  8.         url: url + "/_api/web/lists/getbytitle('" + listname + "')/items(id)",  
  9.         type: "POST",  
  10.         contentType: "application/json;odata=verbose",  
  11.         headers: {  
  12.             "Accept""application/json;odata=verbose",  
  13.             "X-RequestDigest": $("#__REQUESTDIGEST").val(),  
  14.             "Content-Type":"application/json;odata=verbose",  
  15.             "X-HTTP-Method""DELETE"  
  16.         },  
  17.         success: function (data) {  
  18.             success(data); // Returns the newly created list item information  
  19.         },  
  20.         error: function (data) {  
  21.             failure(data);  
  22.         }  
  23.     });  
Get all Item 
Get all the item from employee list using below code  
  1. // Declare the variable.  
  2.     var url = _spPageContextInfo.webAbsoluteUrl;  
  3.     listname="Employee";  
  4.   
  5.     // Retrieve all the item   
  6.     $.ajax({  
  7.         url: url + "/_api/web/lists/getbytitle('" + listname + "')/items",  
  8.         method: "GET",  
  9.         headers: { "Accept""application/json; odata=verbose" },  
  10.         success: function (data) {  
  11.             // Returning the results  
  12.             console.log(data.d.results);  
  13.         },  
  14.         error: function (data) {  
  15.             failure(data);  
  16.         }  
  17.     });  
Get Specific Item
Get all matching record from employee list where EmployeeName='Arvind' using below code  
  1.  // Declare the variable  
  2.     var url = _spPageContextInfo.webAbsoluteUrl;  
  3.   
  4.     // Retrieve the item Title and Employee Name  
  5.     $.ajax({  
  6.         url: url + "/_api/web/lists/getbytitle('listname')/Items/?$select=Title,EmployeeName?$filterEmployeeName eq 'Arvind'",  
  7.     method: "GET",  
  8.     headers: { "Accept""application/json; odata=verbose" },  
  9.     success: function (data) {  
  10.         // Returning the results  
  11.         console.log(data.d.results);  
  12.     },  
  13.     error: function (data) {  
  14.         failure(data);  
  15.     }  
  16. });  

Note

  • $select: Which column to retrieve in result.
  • $filter: What should be retrieve in result.
  • $expand: Retrieve the lookup column in result

X

Build smarter apps with Machine Learning, Bots, Cognitive Services - Start free.

Start Learning Now