RelativeLayout In Xamarin Forms Application For Android And UWP

RelativeLayout is used to position and size the views related to properties of the layout or sibling views. RelativeLayout does not have the concept of the moving anchor and does not have facilities for positioning elements relative to the bottom or right edges of the layout. RelativeLayout does support positioning elements outside of its own bounds.

Before reading this article, please go through the following article -

Reading this article, you can learn how to use RelativeLayout in Xamarin Forms application for Android and Universal Windows Platform with XAML and Visual C#, in cross platform application development.

The following important tools are required for developing UWP.

  1. Windows 10 (Recommended)
  2. Visual Studio 2015 Community Edition (It is a free software available online)
  3. Using Visual Studio 2015 Installer, Enable the Xamarin (Cross Platform Mobile development and C#/.NET while install/modify Visual Studio 2015.

Now, we can discuss step by step app development.

Step 1

Open Visual Studio 2015. Go to Start -> New Project-> Select Cross-Platform (under Visual C#-> Blank App (Xamarin.Forms Portable)-> Give a suitable name for your app (XamFormRelLay) ->OK.

Visual Studio

Step 2

Now, the system starts creating the project “XamFormRelLay_Droid” …

Visual Studio

Step 3

Choose the target and minimum platform version for your Universal Windows Project.

Visual Studio

Creating project “XamFormRelLay_UWP” ….

Visual Studio

Step 4

After that, Visual Studio creates six projects and displays the "Getting Started.Xamarin" Page. Now, we have to update the Xamarin Forms reference for portable project and XamFormRelLay_Droid project.

(Please refer to Step 7 in How To Create And Use XAML Content Page In Xamarin Forms Application For Android And Universal Windows Platform) for the same.

Step 5

Add an Xaml page for RelativeLayout Demo. Right click XamFormRelLay (Portable) project, select ADD-> NewItem, and select -> CrossPlatform -> FormXamlPage -> Give it relevant name.

Visual Studio

Step 6

Add the RelativeLayout tag in the project and Inside RelativeLayout, add 1 BoxView and 2 Labels.

  1. <RelativeLayout>  
  2.   
  3.     <BoxView Color="Green" xName="GB" RelativeLayout.YConstraint="{ConstraintExpression Type=RelativeToParent, Property=Height,Factor=.15,Constant=0}" RelativeLayout.WidthConstraint="{ConstraintExpression Type=RelativeToParent,Property=Width,Factor=1,Constant=0}" RelativeLayout.HeightConstraint="{ConstraintExpression Type=RelativeToParent,Property=Height,Factor=.8,Constant=0}" />  
  4.   
  5.     <Label RelativeLayout.XConstraint="{ConstraintExpression Type=RelativeToView, ElementName=GB, Property=Width, Factor=0}" RelativeLayout.YConstraint="{ConstraintExpression Type=RelativeToParent, Property=Height, Factor=0.25}" Text="RelativeLayout in Xamarin Forms application for Android and UWP - Demo" FontSize="Medium" TextColor="Blue" LineBreakMode="NoWrap" FontAttributes="Bold" />  
  6.   
  7.     <Label RelativeLayout.XConstraint="{ConstraintExpression Type=RelativeToView, ElementName=GB, Property=Width, Factor=0.15}" RelativeLayout.YConstraint="{ConstraintExpression Type=RelativeToParent, Property=Height, Factor=0.5}" Text="Welcome to C Sharp Corner!...." FontSize="Large" TextColor="#ffff00ff" LineBreakMode="NoWrap" FontAttributes="Bold" />  
  8.   
  9.   
  10. </RelativeLayout>  
Visual Studio

Step 7

Open (double click) the file App.cs in the Solution Explorer -> XamFormRelLay (portable) and set the Root Page.

Visual Studio

Step 8

We will test Android and UWP. So, we can set multiple startup projects as XamFormRelLay.Droid and XamFormRelLay.UWP (Universal Windows).

Visual Studio

Step 9

Change the Configuration Manager settings. Go to Build -> Configuration Manager. Here, un-check all the build and deploy options to the iOS, Windows, WinPhone and check the Droid and UWP.

Visual Studio

Step 10

Deploy your app on Local Machine. The output of the XamFormRelLay (UWP and Android) app is -

Visual Studio

Summary

Now, you have successfully created and tested your RelativeLayout in Xamarin Forms application in cross-platform applications, using Visual C# and Xamarin.