How to make image editor tool in C# : Cropping image

My last two articles discussed how to load an image in a Windows form and how to resize that image; see this:

Part1: Open an image

Part2: Resizing image

Now we will discuss how to crop an image.

Design form like this view:


In the crop tab there are two buttons; one is "Make selection" and the other is "Ok".

For cropping an image we will need to define a region to crop; in this article we will use a rectangle for defining such an area or region.

We can click the "MakeSelection" button and then draw a rectangle on the PictureBox with the help of the mouse.

Code for draw rectangle:

Declare some private variables for locating the cursor and defining drawing objects:

    int cropX;

        int cropY;

        int cropWidth;


        int cropHeight;

        int oCropX;

        int oCropY;

        public Pen cropPen;


        public DashStyle cropDashStyle = DashStyle.DashDot;


We will use mouse down and mouse move events for doing this. We will need to implement this code for the mouse down event:               

(e.Button == System.Windows.Forms.MouseButtons.Left)


                            Cursor = Cursors.Cross;

                            cropX = e.X;

                            cropY = e.Y;


                            cropPen = new Pen(Color.Black, 1);

                            cropPen.DashStyle = DashStyle.DashDotDot;






In the above code there are two variables; one is cropX for the x position of the rectangle location and another is cropY for the y position. cropPen is the object of pen class with pensize and pencolor.

And write this code on mouse move event:

if (PictureBox1.Image == null)




                        if (e.Button == System.Windows.Forms.MouseButtons.Left)



                            cropWidth = e.X - cropX;

                            cropHeight = e.Y - cropY;

                            PictureBox1.CreateGraphics().DrawRectangle(cropPen, cropX, cropY, cropWidth, cropHeight);


On mouse event we can find the cursor position with the help of event arg e so we can easily determine the rectangle's width and height. And use drawrectangle method. In the above code cropPen determines the color, size and other styles of the rectangle, cropx is the x coordinate of the upper left corner of rectangle, y is the y coordinate of the upper left corner of the rectangle and cropWidth and cropHeight are the width and height of the rectangle respectivly.


Code for crop:

Cursor = Cursors.Default;


                if (cropWidth < 1)




                Rectangle rect = new Rectangle(cropX, cropY, cropWidth, cropHeight);

                //First we define a rectangle with the help of already calculated points

                Bitmap OriginalImage = new Bitmap(PictureBox1.Image, PictureBox1.Width, PictureBox1.Height);

                //Original image

                Bitmap _img = new Bitmap(cropWidth, cropHeight);

                // for cropinf image

                Graphics g = Graphics.FromImage(_img);

                // create graphics

                g.InterpolationMode = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.InterpolationMode.HighQualityBicubic;

                g.PixelOffsetMode = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.PixelOffsetMode.HighQuality;

                g.CompositingQuality = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.CompositingQuality.HighQuality;

                //set image attributes

                g.DrawImage(OriginalImage, 0, 0, rect, GraphicsUnit.Pixel);


                PictureBox1.Image = _img;

                PictureBox1.Width = _img.Width;

                PictureBox1.Height = _img.Height;


                btnCrop.Enabled = false;



In the above code I have provided comments you can use for better understanding.

So I think now we can crop any image easily with the help of this scenario.