Understanding Vue.js Computed Properties


Vue.js is a popular JavaScript framework known for its simplicity and flexibility in building user interfaces. One of its essential features is computed properties, which enable developers to perform calculations and transformations on data with ease. In this article, we'll explore computed properties in Vue.js and learn how they can simplify your application's logic and enhance its performance.

What Are Computed Properties?

Computed properties in Vue.js are functions that are defined in the Vue component and return a computed value based on one or more data properties. Unlike methods, which are re-invoked whenever a re-render occurs, computed properties are cached and only recalculated when their dependent properties change. This caching mechanism makes computed properties a powerful tool for optimizing Vue applications.

Here's a simple example to illustrate the concept.

    <p>Original Price: {{ originalPrice }}</p>
    <p>Discounted Price: {{ discountedPrice }}</p>
export default {
  data() {
    return {
      price: 50,
      discount: 10,
  computed: {
    originalPrice() {
      return this.price;
    discountedPrice() {
      return this.price - this.discount;

In this example, we have a Vue component with two computed properties originalPrice and discountedPrice. The originalPrice computed property returns the value of the price, while discountedPrice calculates the discounted price by subtracting the discount from the price. These computed properties will update automatically whenever the price or discount changes.

Benefits of Computed Properties

  1. Readability: Computed properties make your code more readable and maintainable. Instead of calculating values directly in the template or methods, you encapsulate the logic in computed properties, making it easier to understand.
  2. Performance: As mentioned earlier, computed properties are cached and only re-computed when necessary. This improves the performance of your application, especially when dealing with complex calculations or expensive operations.
  3. Dependency Tracking: Vue.js automatically tracks the dependencies of computed properties. If a dependent property changes, only the affected computed properties are re-evaluated. This eliminates the need to manually manage dependencies, reducing the risk of bugs.
  4. Code Reusability: Computed properties allow you to reuse calculations throughout your component. If you need the same value in multiple places, you can define it as a computed property and use it wherever needed.

When to Use Computed Properties?

While computed properties are a powerful feature, they are not always the best choice for every situation. Here are some guidelines to help you decide when to use computed properties.

  1. Use Computed Properties for Derivative Data: If you need to compute values based on existing data properties or need to format data for display, computed properties are an excellent choice.
  2. Avoid Computed Properties for Side Effects: Computed properties should be pure functions without side effects. If your logic involves modifying data properties or making asynchronous requests, consider using methods or watchers instead.
  3. Consider Performance Implications: If a calculation is computationally expensive, using a computed property can significantly improve performance. However, for simple calculations, the performance gain may not be noticeable.


Computed properties in Vue.js are a valuable tool for simplifying your code, improving performance, and enhancing the maintainability of your applications. By encapsulating calculations and transformations within computed properties, you can create more readable and efficient code. Understanding when to use computed properties is crucial, as it allows you to leverage their benefits effectively. So, next time you find yourself performing data transformations or calculations in your Vue.js components, consider using computed properties to make your code cleaner and more efficient.