Uploading Files With React.js And .NET

React.js + .NET is an amazing stack to create scaleable and high performance full stack applications. A common scenario is when we need to send files to a server in order to save them in a cloud service like Amazon S3 or Azure blob storage. 

In this article, you will learn how to send files to .NET API from a React.js application.

First, In .NET we will create and endpoint with this 

public async Task < IActionResult > ImportFile([FromForm] IFormFile file) {
    string name = file.FileName;
    string extension = Path.GetExtension(file.FileName);
    //read the file
    using(var memoryStream = new MemoryStream()) {
    //do something with the file here

If you want to try this endpoint you can use Postman with the following settings:

With this endpoint, we can read the file, all its properties and do something else like save it in Amazon S3. 

Now, let's implement the client code.

import React, { useState } from "react";
import axios from "axios";

export const FileUpload = () => {
  const [fileSelected, setFileSelected] = useState();

  const saveFileSelected= (e) => {
    //in case you wan to print the file selected

  const importFile= async (e) => {
    const formData = new FormData();
    formData.append("file", fileSelected);
    try {
      const res = await axios.post("https://localhost:44323/api/importfile", formData);
    } catch (ex) {

  return (
      <input type="file" onChange={saveFileSelected} />
      <input type="button" value="upload" onClick={importFile} />

FormData helps us to send information with Content-Type:multipart/form-data and send files in HtmlForm format. 

Also, you can add a format filter in the input file if you need it.

<input type="file" accept=".jpg, .png" onChange={saveFileSelected} />

With this approach, you can upload files to the server in a simple and save way.

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