WhoIs in ASP.NET

Quite often you want to know who owns a given domain. To obtain the registry information, you go to the respective registry and start a so called WHOIS query (lookup). The trick is that you have to know which registry is responsible for which TLD (Top Level Domain).

The database is the so called WHOIS database and it has one distinct property: it provides us with a query interface via TCP port 43! And as the .NET framework provides us with the TCPClient class, we can use this interface to directly obtain our data

The following example is a minimal implementation of a WHOIS lookup (whois.aspx):

<% @Page Language="C#" %>
<% @
Assembly
Name="System.Net" %>
<% @Import
Namespace
="System.Net.Sockets" %>
<% @Import
Namespace
="System.Text" %>
<% @Import
Namespace
="System.IO" %>
<%
TCPClient tcpc =
new TCPClient();
if (0 == tcpc.Connect("whois.networksolutions.com", 43))
{
String strDomain = "microsoft.com\r\n";
Byte[] arrDomain = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(strDomain.ToCharArray());
Stream s = tcpc.GetStream();
s.Write(arrDomain, 0, strDomain.Length);
StreamReader sr =
new StreamReader(tcpc.GetStream(), Encoding.ASCII);
while (-1 != sr.Peek())
{
Response.Write(sr.ReadLine() + "<br>");
}
tcpc.Close();
}
else
{
Response.Write("Could not connect to WHOIS server!");
}
%>

To be able to work with the TCPClient class, we need the System.Net.Sockets namespace. We also  need to add classes like System.Text or System.IO.

Most of the work in this example is being done by the TCPClient class: using it, I can connect to a server on any port (the Connect method does that) and send data to and fro (via Stream).

Sending the query warrants a little explanation: for sending I use the binary stream without any wrappers. Therefore, I have to turn the query string (CR/LF terminated) into a byte array (with ASCII encoding) and can then send the desired number of bytes to the server.

WhoIsW1.jpg

Fetching the data happens via the StreamReader, which allows comfortable and direct work with the character data. And to keep the example simple to the end, the received data are immediately passed through to the client - the result can be seen in the following screen shot.