Xamarin.Forms - Getting Geolocation Using Xamarin.Essentials

In this article, you will learn how to get the current location using Xamarin.Essentials in Xamarin.Forms.

Xamarin.Forms - Geolocation Using Xamarin Essentials 
The Xamarin.Forms code runs on multiple platforms - each of which has its own filesystem. This means that reading and writing files are most easily done using the native file APIs on each platform. Alternatively, embedded resources are a simpler solution to distribute data files with an app.
Xamarin.Forms - Geolocation Using Xamarin Essentials
Xamarin.Essentials plugin provides 20+ cross-platform APIs for mobile application development. Xamarin.Essentials API works with all Xamarin.Forms, Xamarin.Android, Xamarin.iOS, or UWP applications that can be accessed from shared code. We are developing Xamarin with Android, iOS and UWP apps but now Xamarin.Essentials overcomes this problem, and developers can access every native platform API using C#. This plugin provides many APIs so initially, there is no need for more plugins for Xamarin. Xamarin.Essentials plugin impacts your app's minimum size.

Platform Support
Xamarin.Essentials supports the following platforms and operating systems.
 Android 4.4 (API 19) or earlier
 iOS 10.0 or higher
 UWP 10.0.16299.0 or earlier
  • Visual Studio 2017(Windows or Mac)
Setting up a Xamarin.Forms Project
Start by creating a new Xamarin.Forms project. You’ll learn more by going through the steps yourself.
Choose the Xamarin.Forms App Project type under Cross-platform/App in the "New Project" dialog.
Xamarin.Forms - Geolocation Using Xamarin Essentials
Name your app, select “Use Portable Class Library” for shared code, and target both - Android and iOS.
Xamarin.Forms - Geolocation Using Xamarin Essentials
You probably want your project and solution to use the same name as your app. Put it in your preferred folder for projects and click Create.
Xamarin.Forms - Geolocation Using Xamarin Essentials
You now have a basic Xamarin.Forms app. Click the play button to try it out.
Xamarin.Forms - Geolocation Using Xamarin Essentials
Setting up the User Interface
Go to MainPage.Xaml and write the following code.
  1. <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>  
  2. <ContentPage xmlns="http://xamarin.com/schemas/2014/forms"  
  3.              xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2009/xaml"  
  4.              xmlns:local="clr-namespace:XamarinEssentials"  
  5.              x:Class="XamarinEssentials.MainPage">  
  7.     <StackLayout>  
  8.         <StackLayout HorizontalOptions="Center" VerticalOptions="Start">  
  9.          <Image Margin="0,50,0,0" x:Name="imgBanner" Source="banner.png" ></Image>  
  10.          <Image Margin="0,0,0,10" x:Name="imgXamarinEssential" Source="xamarinessential.png" ></Image>  
  11.          <Label Margin="0,0,0,10" Text="Geolocation" FontAttributes="Bold" FontSize="Large" TextColor="#CA6F1E" HorizontalTextAlignment="Center" ></Label>  
  12.          <Button x:Name="btnLocation" Text="Get Location" Clicked="btnLocation_Clicked"/>  
  13.          <Label HorizontalTextAlignment="Center" x:Name="lblLatitude"></Label>  
  14.          <Label HorizontalTextAlignment="Center" x:Name="lblLongitude"></Label>  
  15.         </StackLayout>  
  16.     </StackLayout>  
  18. </ContentPage>  
Add Xamarin Essentials
In this step, add Xamarin.Essentials to your project. You can install Xamarin.Essentials via NuGet, or you can browse the source code on GitHub.
Go to Solution Explorer and select your solution. Right-click and select "Manage NuGet Packages for Solution". Search "Xamarin.Essentials" and add Package. Remember to install it for each project (PCL, Android, iO, and UWP).
Xamarin.Forms - Geolocation Using Xamarin Essentials
Xamarin.Essentials requires platform-specific setup


The following steps are necessary for Android.
  1. Xamarin.Essentials supports a minimum Android version 4.4
  2. Target Android version for compiling must be 8.1, API level 27.
In the Android project's MainActivity that is launched Xamarin.Essentials must be initialized in the OnCreate method.
  1. Xamarin.Essentials.Platform.Init(this, bundle);  
Xamarin.Essentials must receive any OnRequestPermissionsResult. Write the following code for runtime permission.
  1. public override void OnRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, string[] permissions, [GeneratedEnum] Android.Content.PM.Permission[] grantResults)  
  2. {  
  3.     Xamarin.Essentials.Platform.OnRequestPermissionsResult(requestCode, permissions, grantResults);  
  5.     base.OnRequestPermissionsResult(requestCode, permissions, grantResults);  
  6. }  
No additional setup required.
No additional setup required.
Permissions - Android
  1. <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION" />  
  2. <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION" />  
  3. <uses-feature android:name="android.hardware.location" android:required="false" />  
  4. <uses-feature android:name="android.hardware.location.gps" android:required="false" />  
  5. <uses-feature android:name="android.hardware.location.network" android:required="false" />  
Permissions - iOS
  • Privacy - Location When In Use Usage Description
In this step, write the following code for getting current location using Xamarin.Essentials.
  1. using Xamarin.Forms;  
  2. using Xamarin.Essentials;  
  3. namespace XamarinEssentials  
  4. {  
  5.     public partial class MainPage : ContentPage  
  6.     {  
  7.         public MainPage()  
  8.         {  
  9.             InitializeComponent();  
  10.         }  
  11.         protected override void OnAppearing()  
  12.         {  
  13.             base.OnAppearing();  
  14.         }  
  15.         async void btnLocation_Clicked(object sender, System.EventArgs e)  
  16.         {  
  17.             try  
  18.             {  
  19.                 var location = await Geolocation.GetLastKnownLocationAsync();  
  21.                 if (location != null)  
  22.                 {  
  23.                     lblLatitude.Text ="Latitude: "+location.Latitude.ToString();  
  24.                     lblLongitude.Text = "Longitude:"+location.Longitude.ToString();  
  25.                 }  
  26.             }  
  27.             catch (FeatureNotSupportedException fnsEx)  
  28.             {  
  29.                  await DisplayAlert("Faild", fnsEx.Message, "OK");  
  30.             }  
  31.             catch (PermissionException pEx)  
  32.             {  
  33.                 await DisplayAlert("Faild", pEx.Message, "OK");  
  34.             }  
  35.             catch (Exception ex)  
  36.             {  
  37.                 await DisplayAlert("Faild", ex.Message, "OK");  
  38.             }  
  40.         }  
  41.     }  
  42. }  
Click the play button to try it out.
Xamarin.Forms - Geolocation Using Xamarin Essentials
I hope you have understood how to get current Location Using Xamarin Essentials in Xamarin.Forms.
Thanks for reading. Please share comments and feedback.