Learning JAVA for beginners

Learning JAVA for beginners



I am Nikhil


Here you will learn java in simple steps like a beginner


So let's start java with live example for creating simple and interesting games


For running java you have to install small software named JAVA SDK

you know java is platform independent …


What is JDK (Java Development Kit) ?

JDK is a software development program provided by sun Microsystems. Java Development Kit or JDK comes in various versions and can be downloaded free from the sun Microsystems. JVM compiler, debugger and other tools are used with JDK for developing java based application & java applets. So make sure that your JVM compiler & JDK versions are same. 

JDK also known as Java 2 Platform That comes in three editions J2ME, J2SE & J2EE. If you are beginner or learning Java then start by downloading J2SE.

JDK    Java Development Kit
JVM    Java virtual machine

Download JDK
you can download JDK from

Latest version of JDK

1.      JDK 5.0 Update 6
the full internal version number for this update release is 1.5.0_06-b05 (where "b" means "build"). The external version number is 5.0u6. Java Version 1.5.0_06 introduces various security enhancements in Java Plug-in and Java Web Start to better protect users and enterprises. For more information please visit: http://java.sun.com/j2se/1.5.0/ReleaseNotes.html

SO let's start learning java particles…

The first program we are going to learn is a simple java application "Hello Java"

in which you create a program and run it then it will show a message …


So The first step is Open your notepad and type this program,


//Simple java application…


public  class Hellojava


      public static void main (String [] args)


       System.out.println("Hello ! Java");




I suggest you to type this program by your own without seeing this…


Now save this notepad file as "Hellojava.java"

The point is, you have to save this file by the class name which you have given in the program and you have to use the .java extension



Setting the path


Now you have to do an important task is to set the path for java

So let's start .


First Step


Go to run type sysedit

Now type this in the AUTOEXEC.BAT file




Or if you install jdk in another drive then give that path…


now save and exit


Running Application


Open command prompt go in the drive (where you save your notepad file)


Then type__

javac Hellojava.java

now run your application__

java Hellojava




a message will seem "Hello ! Java"



What you did !



Line of code is a blank line, which as you might imagine, does nothing.

Following that is the beginning of your program class definition:


public class HelloWorld {


You must define a class in every Java program. Basically, a class is a group of functions

and characteristics in Java code that can be reused. The public keyword,

used as a modifier that describes other classes' access to this class, is not

required, but it is a good idea to use it anyway. This way you will start off with

good coding habits. It is not necessary at this point to fully understand the public


The same goes for the class keyword. It is used to identify Hellojava as a class.

The open brace denotes the beginning of the contents of your class definition

and the corresponding closing brace (the last line of the program) denotes the

end of the class definition. To sum it up, this line of code starts a Java program

called Hellojava, and all the code within the braces makes up its guts.



The next line of code starts the main() method definition.


public static void main(String args[]) {


Methods are groups of statements that are executed by your computer when

instructed to do so. You learn about methods in Chapter 5. For now, it is important

that you know that the main() method actually drives Java applications. It is

the first place the Java VM looks when you run your application. The group of

statements within this method, collectively called a block statement, is defined

within its own set of braces. Within the braces of this method, you define a list

of steps you want the computer to do when running your program.

The one statement inside the main() method, which is your next line of code,

instructs your computer to say hello to the world.


System.out.println("Hello, world!");


This is actually a call to a method that handles your system's standard output. It

prints one line to the screen and adds a carriage return. You can refer to the Java

API documentation for classes System and PrintStream for more detailed information

Congrats ! now you know the syntax and knowledge about JAVA




Nikhil Kumar