What is Microservices In .NET Core? Why do we need Microservices?

Microservices is an architectural style for building software applications as a collection of small, independent, loosely-coupled services that communicate with each other through well-defined APIs. Each microservice is responsible for performing a specific task within the application and can be developed, deployed, and scaled independently of other services.

In a microservices architecture, the application is divided into a set of small, independent services that can be developed and deployed separately. Each microservice can be built using a different technology stack and maintained by a separate development team. This approach allows teams to work independently, iterate quickly, and deliver software more frequently.

Microservices also promote containerization technologies, such as Docker, OpenShift, and Kubernetes, to manage the deployment and scaling of services. This allows services to be scaled up or down based on demand, making the application more resilient and responsive. Microservices architecture is well-suited for complex, large-scale applications that require high scalability, flexibility, and agility. It provides a way to build and maintain complex applications with a high degree of autonomy and fault tolerance.

For example, think of a system for managing a warehouse. If you broke down its capabilities, you might come up with the following list,

Inventory tracking

The system can keep track of inventory levels and locations within the warehouse, using barcode or RFID technology to identify and track products.

Order management

The system can manage orders, including picking and packing, and help ensure that the correct products are shipped to customers.


The system can manage the receiving process, including inspecting and verifying incoming shipments and updating inventory levels.


The system can manage shipping processes, including generating shipping labels, tracking shipments, and updating inventory levels.


The system can provide reports on inventory levels, order status, and other key performance indicators to help managers make informed decisions.


The system can integrate with other systems, such as e-commerce platforms, to streamline the flow of information between different parts of the business.


The system can automate many tasks, such as inventory counts, order processing, and shipping label generation, to reduce errors and improve efficiency.

Further, if we broke the Receiving process's capabilities, we might come up with a process of receiving and processing incoming shipments or deliveries in a warehouse or distribution center. This microservice typically handles the following tasks,

Receiving and logging incoming shipments

The receiving process microservice is responsible for receiving and logging incoming shipments or deliveries, including verifying their contents and quantities.

Managing inventory

The microservice is responsible for updating the inventory records and tracking the location of received items. Coordinating with other systems: The receiving process microservice communicates with other systems, such as the order management system, to ensure that received items are allocated correctly.

Quality control

The microservice may perform quality control checks on incoming shipments to ensure the products meet the required standards.


The microservice generates reports on received shipments, inventory levels, and other relevant metrics.

Each little capability in the system is implemented as an individual microservice. Every microservice in a system

  1.  It runs in its own separate process
  2. It can be deployed on its own, independently of the other microservices
  3. It has its own dedicated data store
  4. Collaborates with other microservices to complete its own action

Microservice characteristics

A microservice is responsible for a single capability

Each microservice is designed to perform a specific function or capability in a self-contained and autonomous manner.

A microservice is individually deployable

Microservices are designed to be deployed independently, allowing for more frequent updates and releases.

A microservice consists of one or more processes

Microservices are typically built using a single process but may include additional processes to handle specific tasks or functions.

A microservice owns its own data store

Each microservice has its own database or data store, allowing it to manage its data independently of other services.

A small team can maintain a handful of microservices

Microservices are designed to be relatively small and focused, making them easier to maintain and update. 

A small team can typically manage a handful of microservices.

A microservice is replaceable

Microservices are designed to be loosely coupled, meaning that they can be replaced or updated without affecting the overall system.

This allows for greater flexibility and agility in responding to changing business needs.


Microservices represent a powerful architectural approach to software development that offers many benefits. By breaking down applications into smaller, independent services, microservices allow for greater flexibility, scalability, fault tolerance, and specialized team structures. However, successfully implementing microservices requires careful planning, coordination, and testing to ensure that each service works seamlessly. It's also important to regularly monitor and update your microservices to maintain their performance and reliability.

Overall, microservices offer a promising approach to software development that can help organizations build more efficient, scalable, and resilient applications.

Suppose you're considering implementing microservices in your organization. In that case, it's important to carefully evaluate your needs and resources and work with experienced developers and architects to design a system that meets your unique requirements.


Thank you for reading, and I hope this blog post has helped provide you with a better understanding of microservices.