# Diving Into Python: Chapter 8

Hello guys!

Getting Theme

For getting the theme of Python, kindly go through my previous articles.
Operators in Python

In this article, I'll take you through the type of operators we do use in Python. These are:

• Arithmetic Operators
• Special Operators
• Comparison Operators
• Bitwise Operators
• Assignment Operators
• Identity Operators
Arithmetic Operators

For performing the base mathematical operations or some other type of math-related functionality we use Arithmetic Operators.

Let's take a close look at all these operators.

 Operator Description Example Addition Adds both operands together z=x+y Subtraction Subtracts the right-side operand from the left-side operand z = x – y Multiplication Multiplies both operands together z = x * y Division Divides the left-side operand with the right-side operand z = x / y Modulus It takes a modulus using two operands and assigns the result to the left z = x % y

Flow Chart | Arithmetic Operators

Here's a flow chart showing how the operational flow goes. Let's have a close look at this.

(If you need examples for every operator then let me know and I'll update it.)

Special Operators

Actually these are not special operators, these are a subset of mathematical operators, that does the same functionality as general mathematical operators do.

Let's take a close look at all these operators.

 Operator Description Example Exponent Does exponential operations x ** y = x ^ y Floor Division Takes the result of the quotient and rejects the mantissa 5 // 2 = 2

(If you need examples for every operator then let me know and I'll update it.)

Comparison Operators

The comparison operators are used to compare the values of both sides of the operators and do specific operations based on them.

Let's take a close look at all these operators.

 Operator Description Example == Compares both the left and right operands and depending on the result, displays either True or False (2 == 3)false > Compares the left operand with the right operand and depending on the result, (greater) displays either True or False (3 > 2)true < Compares the left operand with the right operand and depending on the result, (left) displays either True or False (3 < 2)true != If the values of the two operands aren't equal, then displays the condition accordingly (3 != 2)true <> If the values of both operands aren't equal then the condition becomes true (3 <> 2) true >= If the value of the left operand is greater than the right-side operand, then the condition becomes true (3 >= 2)true <= If the value of the left operand is greater than the right-side operand, then the condition becomes true (3 <= 2)false

Flow Chart | Comparision Operators

Here's a flow chart showing how the operational flow goes. Let's have a close look at this.

(If you need examples for every operator then let me know and I'll update it.)

Bitwise Operators

Bitwise operators are bit-oriented operators. Here bit-oriented means that these operators work on the bits and do the action bit by bit.

Let's take a close look at all these operators.

 Operator Description Example &(Binary AND) It copies a bit to the result if it exists in both operands (x & y) |(Binary OR) It copies a bit if it exists in either operand (x | y) ~(Binary One's Complement) It's used for flipping bits (~x) ^(Binary XOR) It copies the bit if it is set in one operand but not both (x ^ y) <<(Binary Left Shift) It shifts the value to the left specified by the right operand x << 2 >>(Binary Right Shift) It shifts the value to the right specified by the right operand x >> 3

Flow Chart | Bitwise Operators

Here's a flow chart showing how the operational flow goes. Let's have a close look at this.

(If you need examples for every operator then let me know and I'll update it.).

Assignment Operators

As the name suggests, assignment operators are used for assigning values, for example to a variable when performing certain operations.

Let's take a close look at all these operators.

 Operator Description Example = It assigns a value from the right-side operand to the left side z = x + y(value of x + y -> z ) += Adds and it adds the right operand to the left operand and assigns the result to the left operand z += x(z = z + x) -= Subtracts and it subtracts the right operand from the left operand and assigns the result to left operand z -= x(z = z - x) *= Multiplies and it multiplies the right operand with the left operand and assigns the result to the left operand z *= x(z = z * x) /= Divides and it divides the left operand by the right operand and assigns the result to the left operand z /= x(z = z / x) %= Takes the modulus using the two operands and assigns the result to the left operand z %= x(z = z % x)

Flow Chart | Assignment Operators

Here's a flow chart showing how the operational flow goes. Let's have a close look at this.

(If you need examples for every operator then let me know and I'll update it.).

Identity Operators

Identity operators are used to comparing the memory locations of two objects (compare the locations).

Let's take a close look at all these operators.

 operator Description Example is Evaluates whether the values on either side are equal or not and acts (if true) accordingly. If x is yresults True Is NOT Evaluates whether the values on either side are equal or not and acts (if false) accordingly. If x is not yresult False

Flow Chart | Identity Operators

Here's a flow chart showing how the operational flow goes. Let's have a close look at this.

(If you need examples for every operator then let me know and I'll update it.).

Guidelines from my Side
• Do as much as code you can.
• Code anything you want, the best way to learn
• Don't just study things, try to learn them.