# Diving Into Python: Chapter 8

In this article you will learn Python step-by-step and easily.

Hello guys!

This article is the 8th part of this article series. In this I will explain several types of operators in Python, its related operations and functioning in detail with several examples and graphics. So let's explore it.**Getting Theme**

For getting the theme of Python, kindly go through my previous articles.

- Diving into Python: Chapter 1
- Diving into Python: Chapter 2
- Diving into Python: Chapter 3
- Diving into Python: Chapter 4
- Diving into Python: Chapter 5
- Diving into Python: Chapter 6
- Diving into Python: Chapter 7

**Operators in Python**

In this article I'll take you through the type of operators we do use in Python. These are:

- Airthmetic Operators
- Special Operators
- Comparison Operators
- Bitwise Operators
- Assignent Operators
- Identity Operators

**Arithmetic Operators**

For performing the base mathematical operations or some other type of math related functionality we use Airthmatic Operators.

Let's take a close look at all these operators.

Operator | Description | Exampal |

Addition | Adds both operands together | z=x+y |

Subjtraction | Subtracts the right-side operand from the left-side operand | z = x – y |

Multiplication | Multiplies both operands together | z = x * y |

Division | Divides the left-side operand with the right-side operand | z = x / y |

Modulus | It takes a modulus using two operands and assigns the result to the left | z = x % y |

**Flow Chart | Airthmatic Operators**Here's a flow chart showing how the operational flow goes. Let's have a close look at this.

(If you need examples for every operator then let me know and I'll update it.)**Special Operators**

Actually these are not special operators, these are a subset of mathematical operators, that does the same functionality as general mathematical operators do.

Let's take a close look at all these operators.

Operator | description | Example |

Exponent | Does exponential operations | x ** y = x ^ y |

Floor Division | Takes the result of the quotient and rejects the mantissa | 5 // 2 = 2 |

(If you need examples for every operator then let me know and I'll update it.)**Comparison Operators **

The comparison operators are used to compare the values of both sides of the operators and does specific operations based on them.

Let's take a close look at all these operators.

Operator | Description | Example |

== | Compares both the left and right operands and depending on the result, displays either True or False | (2 == 3) false |

> | Compares the left operand with the right operand and depending on the result, (greater) displays either True or False | (3 > 2) true |

< | Compares the left operand with the right operand and depending on the result, (left) displays either True or False | (3 < 2) true |

!= | If the values of the two operands aren't equal, then displays the condition accordingly | (3 != 2) true |

<> | If the values of both operands aren't equal then the condition becomes true | (3 <> 2) true |

>= | If the value of the left operand is greater than the right-side operand, then the condition becomes true | (3 >= 2) true |

<= | If the value of the left operand is greater than the right-side operand, then the condition becomes true | (3 <= 2) false |

**Flow Chart | Comparision Operators**

Here's a flow chart showing how the operational flow goes. Let's have a close look at this.

(If you need examples for every operator then let me know and I'll update it.)

**Bitwise Operators**

Bitwise operators are bit-oriented operators. Here bit oriented means that these operators work on the bits and does the action bit by bit.

Let's take a close look at all these operators.

Operator | Description | Exampal |

& (Binary AND) | It copies a bit to the result if it exists in both operands | (x & y) |

| (Binary OR) | It copies a bit if it exists in either operand | (x | y) |

~ (Binary Ones Complement) | It's used for flipping bits | (~x) |

^ (Binary XOR) | It copies the bit if it is set in one operand but not both | (x ^ y) |

<< (Binary Left Shift) | It shifts the value to the left specified by the right operand | x << 2 |

>> (Binary Right Shift) | It shifts the value to the right specified by the right operand | x >> 3 |

**Flow Chart | Bitwise Operators**Here's a flow chart showing how the operational flow goes. Let's have a close look at this.

(If you need examples for every operator then let me know and I'll update it.).**Assignment Operators**

As the name suggests, assignment operators are used for assigning values, for example to a variable when performing certain operations.

Let's take a close look at all these operators.

Operator | Description | Example |

= | It assigns a value from the right-side operand to the left side | z = x + y (value of x + y -> z ) |

+= | Adds and it adds the right operand to the left operand and assigns the result to the left operand | z += x (z = z + x) |

-= | Subtracts and it subtracts the right operand from the left operand and assigns the result to left operand | z -= x (z = z - x) |

*= | Multiplies and it multiplies the right operand with the left operand and assigns the result to the left operand | z *= x (z = z * x) |

/= | Divides and it divides the left operand by the right operand and assigns the result to the left operand | z /= x (z = z / x) |

%= | Takes the modulus using the two operands and assigns the result to the left operand | z %= x (z = z % x) |

**Flow Chart | Assignment Operators**

Here's a flow chart showing how the operational flow goes. Let's have a close look at this.

(If you need examples for every operator then let me know and I'll update it.).**Identity Operators**

Identity operators are used to compare the memory locations of two objects (

**compare the locations**).

Let's take a close look at all these operators.

operator | Description | Example |

is | Evaluates whether the values on either sides are equal or not and acts (if true) accordingly. | If x is y results True |

Is NOT | Evaluates whether the values on either side are equal or not and acts (if false) accordingly. | If x is not y result False |

**Flow Chart | Identity Operators**Here's a flow chart showing how the operational flow goes. Let's have a close look at this.

(If you need examples for every operator then let me know and I'll update it.).**Guidelines from my Side**

- Do as much as code you can.
- Code anything you want, the best way to learn
- Don't just study things, try to learn them.
- Work on your Concepts
- Work on the fundamentals of any technology or stuff you want to learn.

**Moto**

**“Keep calm and code Python”.**

I tried to make this an interesting and interactive article and wish you guys will like that, meanwhile if you have any suggestions then your welcome.

Until the next part, keep sharing!

Happy Learning!