WCF Introduction and Contracts - Day 1

This article demonstrates how to create a WCF service application. This article also covers basic information of all the contracts and a code demonstration.

Introduction

 
This article demonstrates how to create a WCF service application. This article also covers basic information of all the contracts and a code demonstration.
 

What is WCF?

 
WCF is a combined feature of Web Service, Remoting, MSMQ, and COM+. WCF provides a common platform for all .NET communication. It is a part of .Net 3.0.
 
What is WCF 
 

Difference between WCF and Web service

 
Web Service WCF
In a web service we need to add the [WebService] attribute to the class. In WCF we need to add the [ServiceContract] attribute to the class.
Add the [WebMethod] attribute to the method in a web service.
Add the [OperationContract] attribute to the method in WCF.
For serialization in a web service use the System.Xml.serialization namespace.
WCF uses the System.Runtime.Serialization namespace for serialization.
We can host a web service in IIS.
We can host WCF in IIS, WAS (Windows Activation Service), self-hosting and a Windows Service.
 

How to create a WCF service 

 
Let's see how to create a WCF service application step-by-step.
 
Step 1
 
Start Menu >> All Programs >> Microsoft Visual Studio 2010 >> Microsoft Visual Studio 2010
 
In that "File" >> "New" >> "Project..."
 
Microsoft-Visual-Studio-2010.jpg 
 
Step 2
  • Select WCF from Installed Templates
  • Select .NET Framework 4 from dropdownlist
  • Select WCF Service Application
  • Give the desired name and select the location
  • Click on OK button

    Select-WCF-Installed-Templates.jpg
Step 3
 
Now your Windows Communication Foundation service application is ready as a default service. You will see in Solution Explorer Service1.svc and IService1.cs
 
Open the IService1.cs file, as in:
 
Open-Service1.cs-file.jpg 
 
In this file, you will find a ServiceContract, OperationContract, and DataContract.
 
Service Contract
 
Service contract is an attribute applied to an interface i.e. IService1. It describes which operations the client can perform on the services.
  
WCF ServiceContract 
 
Operation Contract
 
Operation Contract is an attribute applied to methods in interfaces i.e. IService1. It is used to define a method in an interface.
 
WCF OperationContract 
 
Data Contract
 
DataContract defines which data types are passed to and from the service. It is used to define a class and the DataMember attribute is used to define the properties.
 
WCF DataContract 
 
WCF Contracts map directly to a corresponding web services standard:
  • ServiceContracts map to WSDL
  • DataContracts map to XSD
  • MessageContracts map to SOAP
Step 4
 
There is one method "GetData" which accepts parameters of type int.
 
WCF-Contracts-map.jpg 
 
An implementation of this method is in the Service1.svc.cs file. This method returns a string with the value you passed as a parameter.
 
Service1-svc-cs.jpg 
 
Step 5
 
Now let us run this service.
 
run-this-service.jpg 
 
You can test your service in WCF Test Client. WCF Test Client is a GUI tool which enables us to enter parameters, invoke services with these parameters and view the responses returned by services.
 
Now double-click on the "GetData" method and enter a parameter value of type System.int32. Here I enter "25" as parameter value and press the "Invoke" button. You will get "You entered: 25" as a response.
 
GetData-method.jpg 
 

Conclusion

 
We have seen a very basic example of a WCF Service application. We entered a parameter value of type int and got the entered value as a response.