What is Adapter Pattern in C#?


Design patterns are crucial in software development, providing solutions to common design problems. One such pattern is the Adapter Pattern, which allows incompatible interfaces to work together. This pattern is particularly useful when integrating existing code or libraries into a new system, enabling them to collaborate seamlessly. In this article, we'll explore the Adapter Pattern in the context of C#.

What is the Adapter Pattern?

The Adapter Pattern is a structural design pattern that allows the interface of an existing class to be used as another interface. It acts as a bridge between two incompatible interfaces, making them work together without modifying their original code. This pattern is precious when dealing with legacy code or third-party libraries that don't match the required interface of the current system.

Components of the Adapter Pattern

The Adapter Pattern typically involves three main components.

  1. Target Interface: This is the interface that the client code expects to interact with. It represents the desired functionality that the client wants.
  2. Adaptee: This is the existing class or component that has the functionality that the client code needs. However, its interface is incompatible with the target interface.
  3. Adapter: The adapter is the class that bridges the gap between the target interface and the adaptee. It implements the target interface and delegates the calls to the adaptee.

Implementing the Adapter Pattern in C#

Let's consider a simple example where we have an existing class called LegacySystem with a method PerformAction(). We want to use this class in a new system that expects a different interface, say INewSystem. Here's how we can implement the Adapter Pattern in C#.

// Adaptee (existing class)
public class LegacySystem
    public void PerformAction()
        Console.WriteLine("Legacy system is performing an action.");

// Target Interface
public interface INewSystem
    void NewAction();

// Adapter
public class LegacySystemAdapter : INewSystem
    private readonly LegacySystem legacySystem;

    public LegacySystemAdapter(LegacySystem legacySystem)
        this.legacySystem = legacySystem;

    public void NewAction()
        // Delegating the call to the existing class

In this example, LegacySystem the adapted INewSystem is the target interface and LegacySystemAdapter is the adapter. The adapter implements the INewSystem interface and delegates the calls to the methods of the LegacySystem class.

Using the Adapter Pattern

Now, let's see how we can use the Adapter Pattern in our client code.

class Program
    static void Main()
        // Using the LegacySystem with the help of the adapter
        LegacySystem legacySystem = new LegacySystem();
        INewSystem adapter = new LegacySystemAdapter(legacySystem);

        // Client code interacts with the target interface

        // Output: Legacy system is performing an action.

The client code interacts with the INewSystem interface without knowing the details of the LegacySystem class. The adapter ensures that the existing code is seamlessly integrated into the new system.

Benefits of the Adapter Pattern

  1. Code Reusability: The Adapter Pattern allows you to reuse existing code or components in a new system without modifying their original implementation.
  2. Interoperability: It facilitates the integration of systems with incompatible interfaces, promoting interoperability between different parts of a software system.
  3. Maintainability: The pattern makes it easier to maintain and extend systems by isolating the changes required for adapting interfaces.
  4. Legacy Code Integration: The Adapter Pattern is particularly useful when working with legacy code, enabling its integration into modern systems.


The Adapter Pattern is a valuable tool in the software developer's toolbox, especially when dealing with systems that have incompatible interfaces. By creating an adapter that bridges the gap between different interfaces, developers can achieve seamless integration without the need to modify existing code. In C#, the Adapter Pattern is straightforward and offers a flexible solution for handling interface incompatibility. Understanding and applying design patterns like the Adapter Pattern can significantly enhance the maintainability and flexibility of your software systems.

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